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Congregation, Lords of

Congregation, Lords of, 1557. A group of Scottish nobles who, in a ‘Common Band’ dated 3 December, pledged their lives to maintain, set forward, and establish the reformed religion in Scotland. Signed by the earls of Argyll, Glencairn, and Morton, Lord Lorne, and Erskine of Dun, this ‘Common Band’, or covenant, was a protestant response to the increasing domination of Scotland by France during the regency of Mary of Guise, and the maintenance of catholicism as the established religion. More significantly, this protestant manifesto signalled the emergence of the Lords of the Congregation as an organized political force in Scotland.

Pamela E. Ritchie

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