Skip to main content

Chilean Crisis

Chilean Crisis (1891).The Chilean Crisis (or Baltimore Affair) was one in a string of late nineteenth‐century naval crises. Despite U.S. efforts to support the old regime, a Chilean revolution succeeded in the summer of 1891. U.S. antipathy to the new regime notwithstanding, the new, light (protected) cruiser USS Baltimore remained in the Chilean port of Valparaiso, near Santiago. On 16 October, Cdr. Winfield S. Schley permitted some of his crew long‐overdue leave, and several became involved in a saloon brawl. An ensuing riot left two U.S. sailors dead and seventeen injured.

The Navy Department ordered the Baltimore replaced by the Yorktown under Robley D. “Fighting Bob” Evans, who waited impatiently for negotiations on restitution—or war. Secretary of State James Blaine and Timothy Egan, U.S. minister in Santiago, evinced little interest in peaceful reconciliation. President Benjamin Harrison increased pressure on the Chilean government, issuing a virtual ultimatum on 25 January 1892.

Some North Americans were concerned, noting that the Chilean Navy was technically larger than that of the United States and might threaten West Coast cities. Nonetheless, the Chilean government quickly offered a complete apology and $75,000 in restitution. At the last minute, war had been averted.

Other naval crises continued apace: Honolulu in 1893, Guiana in 1895, and Havana in 1898. After a decade of naval buildup, the United States was quickly and frequently involved in the type of disputes other great powers knew well. North Americans soon forgot an event that Chileans would long remember.

Bibliography

Joyce Goldberg , The Baltimore Affair, 1986.
Mark R. Shulman , Navalism and the Emergence of American Sea Power, 1995.

Mark R. Shulman

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chilean Crisis." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Chilean Crisis." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chilean-crisis

"Chilean Crisis." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chilean-crisis

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.