Skip to main content

Cavalier Parliament

Cavalier Parliament, 1661–79. This Parliament succeeded the Convention, which had summoned Charles II back from exile. Though its members were overwhelmingly loyal to the monarchy—well over 100 had fought in the civil wars—they were by no means willing to yield Parliament's rights. The Anglican majority was noticeably less willing to forgive and forget than the king. It began by ordering that the covenant be burned by the public hangman, supported a fierce penal code against dissenters, and forced Charles II in 1673 to withdraw his Declaration of Indulgence. The unusual length of the Parliament gave opportunities for development of party organization, particularly under Danby in the 1670s, even if party as such was still widely condemned and the names of ‘court’ and ‘country’ preferred. When Danby lost control in 1678, Charles dissolved the Parliament, but the three which succeeded were Whig-dominated, took up the issue of excluding James, duke of York (later James II), from the succession, and gave even more trouble.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cavalier Parliament." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cavalier Parliament." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cavalier-parliament

"Cavalier Parliament." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved December 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cavalier-parliament

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.