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Caen, treaty of

Caen, treaty of, 1091. On his death-bed in 1087 William the Conqueror gave England to his second son William Rufus, and the duchy of Normandy to his first son, Robert. But each retained estates and supporters in the other's territories and relations broke down. In 1091 Rufus led an expedition to Normandy, forcing Robert to a treaty at Caen or Rouen. Rufus kept his Normandy possessions, but agreed to help Robert recover lost estates in Cotentin and Maine. Each named the other as successor should there be no children. They joined forces to dispossess their younger brother Henry (later Henry I) in Cotentin but by 1094 were at war with each other again.

J. A. Cannon

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