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Bangor, diocese of

Bangor, diocese of. The foundation of the church at Bangor is ascribed to Deiniol in the 6th cent., his sphere of influence as a bishop extending throughout the principality of Gwynedd in north-west Wales. Work on the cathedral began in the 12th cent. under Bishop David (1120–39). It was extended during the episcopates of Anian I (1267–1307) and Anian II (1309–28). The nave and aisles were rebuilt late in the 14th cent., and the tower by Bishop Skevington in the 16th. Much alteration and restoration was undertaken in the 19th cent. under the direction of Gilbert Scott.

The diocese has an area of over 1,500 square miles and includes the island of Anglesey, the holy island of Bardsey, burial place of many of the Welsh saints, and the mountainous countryside of Snowdonia. Worship in many of the churches is conducted in the Welsh language. William Morgan, translator of the Bible into Welsh (1588), was born in the diocese. His work was revised later by John Davies, rector of Mallwyd, the chaplain of the bishop of Bangor. More recently the notable priest and poet R. S. Thomas was rector of Aberdaron on the Lleyn peninsula, drawing much of his inspiration from the area.

Revd Dr John R. Guy

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