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Anglo-Japanese treaty

Anglo-Japanese treaty, 1902. Concluded on 30 January to improve British security against France and Russia in the Far East, each party agreed to fight only if the other became involved in war with at least two other powers. The treaty promised to localize any war, and facilitated Japan's decision to attack Russia in 1904. It was renewed in 1905, each party agreeing to assist the other in a war with only one opponent. From 1911 the British also tried to use the alliance as a restraining influence on Japan. American objections brought about its demise in 1921–2.

C. J. Bartlett

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