Air Force Reserve
Air Force Reservists first participated in combat in the Korean War. All 25 flying wings of the reserve, a total of 30,000 personnel, were mobilized, plus nearly 119,000 individual reservists. The Air Force Reserve emerged from its wartime service with significant program problems, and the air force spent the remainder of the 1950s rebuilding it. Key milestones included the establishment of the Air Reserve Personnel Center and the implementation of an Air Reserve Technician program, which established a full‐time cadre of civil servants who were also military personnel in Air Force Reserve units.
During the 1960s, the Air Force Reserve demonstrated its operational readiness and underwent further organizational changes. Reservists participated in numerous Cold War events, including the 1961–62 Berlin Crisis and the Korea and Vietnam mobilizations of 1968–69. The Department of Defense sought to merge reserve and National Guard components, but this was halted by Congress in the Reserve Forces Bill of Rights and Vitalization Act of 1967. The act also established the Office of Air Force Reserve as part of the Air Staff. On 1 August 1968, Headquarters Air Force Reserve replaced the Continental Air Command, and assumed responsibility for Air Force Reserve unit program.
By the 1970s, air force officials increasingly called upon the reserve to support a variety of national security objectives. With the establishment of the Total Force policy in 1973, reservist and Air National Guard personnel were trained to active duty operational readiness standards. More than 23,500 Air Force Reservists took part in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Other post‐Cold war operations included participating in United Nations and NATO‐sponsored relief and peacekeeping missions in Africa and the Balkans.
Gerald T. Cantwell , The Air Force Reserve: From Flying Club to Total Force, 1996.
Kenneth C. Kan
"Air Force Reserve." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/air-force-reserve
"Air Force Reserve." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved December 13, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/air-force-reserve
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.