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Eutaw Springs, Battle of

EUTAW SPRINGS, BATTLE OF

EUTAW SPRINGS, BATTLE OF (8 September 1781). General Nathanael Greene, who replaced General Horatio Gates after the crushing defeat at Camden, South Carolina, in August, lost this battle to a superior British force under Colonel Alexander Stewart. Greene was routed and lost a quarter of his 2, 000 Continentals and North and South Carolina militia in the conflict. But he inflicted even heavier casualties on the British, forcing them to retreat to Charleston and preventing Stewart from aiding Lord Cornwallis, then in Virginia. Six weeks later, surrounded by Continental and French forces at Yorktown, Cornwallis surrendered.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lumpkin, Henry. From Savannah to Yorktown. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1981.

Thayer, Theodore. Nathanael Greene: Strategist of the American Revolution. New York: Twayne, 1960.

R. L.Meriwether/a. r.

See alsoCamden, Battle of ; Southern Campaigns ; Yorktown Campaign .

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