Skip to main content

South West Africa Peoples Organization

South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) Political organization formed (1960) in South West Africa (now Namibia). SWAPO's aim was to achieve independence for Namibia, and to this end declared itself at war with South Africa. Soon after Angola gained independence in 1975, SWAPO established guerrilla bases there. In 1978, these bases were attacked by South Africa. In 1981, truce talks in Geneva failed, and in 1984 SWAPO refused to cooperate with the rival Multi-Party Conference (MCP) in drawing up a timetable for independence. When independence was achieved, SWAPO fought a general election in 1989, and gained 57% of the votes and 75% of the seats in the constituent assembly. In 1990, SWAPO leader Sam Nujoma became president of Namibia. He was re-elected in 1994 and 1999.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"South West Africa Peoples Organization." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"South West Africa Peoples Organization." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/south-west-africa-peoples-organization

"South West Africa Peoples Organization." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/south-west-africa-peoples-organization

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.