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Columbia Capital of South Carolina, USA, in the centre of the state, at the junction of the Broad and Saluda rivers. Founded as state capital in 1786, it was nearly destroyed in the American Civil War. It is home to the University of South Carolina (1801), Columbia College (1854), Allen University (1870) and the Woodrow Wilson Museum. Industries: textiles, printing, electronic equipment. Pop. (2000) 116,278.

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