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Glasgow School

Glasgow School. Name given to contemporary architects and designers in Glasgow in the 1890s and early 1900s, especially C. R. Mackintosh, Margaret (1865–1933) and Frances (1874–1921) Macdonald, and Herbert McNair (1868–1953). They employed calligraphic elements of Art Nouveau, including the femme-fleur, rose-ball, and long, flowing tendrils, earning them the collective title of ‘Glasgow Spook School’. They exhibited on the Continent, and had a considerable impact on the Sezession, especially in Vienna, where Hoffmann particularly admired their work. In architecture Art Nouveau was synthesized with aspects of vernacular buildings and the English Arts-and-Crafts movement, perhaps best seen at Mackintosh's Hill House, Helensburgh, and the Willow Tea Rooms, Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow.

Bibliography

Lampugnani (ed.) & Dinsmoor (1986);
Steele (1994)

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