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rutile

rutile An accessory mineral, TiO2; iron, niobium, and tantalum may also be present; sp. gr. 4.2–5.6; hardness 6.0–6.5; tetragonal; normally reddish-brown, but also yellowish-red, or black; pale brown streak; adamantine lustre; crystals normally square prisms terminated by pyramids; cleavage prismatic {110} and {100}; occurs in a variety of igneous rocks, schists, gneisses, and metamorphic limestones and quartzites, and becomes concentrated in alluvial deposits and beach sands. It is an important ore mineral for titanium and its compounds.

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"rutile." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rutile." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rutile

"rutile." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rutile

rutile

rutile, mineral, one of three forms of titanium dioxide (TiO2; see titanium). It occurs in crystals, often in twins or rosettes, and is typically brownish red, although there are black varieties. Rutile is found in igneous and metamorphic rocks, chiefly in Switzerland, Norway, Brazil, and parts of the United States.

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"rutile." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rutile." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rutile

"rutile." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rutile

rutile

rutile (titanium dioxide, TiO2) Black to red-brown oxide mineral, found in igneous and metamorphic rocks and quartz veins. It occurs as long, prismatic crystals in the tetragonal system and as granular masses. It has a metallic lustre, is brittle and is used as a gemstone. Hardness 6–6.5; r.d. 4.2.

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"rutile." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rutile." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rutile

"rutile." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rutile

rutile

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"rutile." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rutile." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rutile

"rutile." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rutile