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moraine

moraine The term originally applied to the ridges of rock debris around the margins of Alpine glaciers. Subsequently its meaning has been widened to include till deposits. For example, ‘ground’ moraine may denote an irregularly undulating surface of till, glacial drift, or boulder clay, or it may describe the deposit itself. An ‘end’ or ‘terminal’ moraine is a ridge of glacially deposited material laid down at the leading edge of an active glacier. Its height is in the range 1–100 m, and it is accumulated by a combination of glacial dumping and pushing. A ‘recessional’ moraine is morphologically similar and is laid down at the terminus of a glacier during a period of stillstand that interrupts a sustained period of retreat of the ice margin. A ‘lateral’ moraine is a ridge of debris at the margin of a valley glacier and largely derived from rock fall. It is a prominent feature of many contemporary Alpine glaciers. A ‘medial’ moraine results from the merging of lateral moraines when two glaciers converge. A ‘washboard’ moraine is a single ridge in a closely spaced pattern (perhaps 9–12 per kilometre) and stands some 1–3 m above the adjacent depressions. It is found in the ‘end’ moraine belt. A ‘push’ moraine is a morainic ridge made of unconsolidated rock debris and pushed up by the snout of an advancing glacier. See also de Geer moraine; fluted moraine; and hummocky moraine.

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"moraine." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"moraine." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/moraine-0

moraine

moraine Term originally applied to the ridges of rock debris around Alpine glaciers. Subsequently its meaning has been widened to include the rock debris deposit. For example, ‘ground’ moraine may denote an irregularly undulating surface of till, glacial drift, or boulder clay; or it may describe the deposit itself. An ‘end’ or ‘terminal’ moraine is a ridge of glacially deposited material laid down at the leading edge of an active glacier. Its height is in the range 1–100 m, and it is accumulated by a combination of glacial dumping and pushing. A ‘recessional’ moraine is morphologically similar and is laid down at the terminus of a glacier during a period of still-stand that interrupts a long period of retreat of the ice margin. A ‘lateral’ moraine is a ridge of debris at the margin of a valley glacier and largely derived from rock fall. It is a prominent feature of many contemporary Alpine glaciers. A ‘medial’ moraine results from the merging of lateral moraines when two glaciers converge. A ‘washboard’ moraine is a single ridge in a closely spaced pattern (perhaps 9–12 per kilometre) and stands some 1–3 m above the adjacent depressions. It is found in the ‘end’ moraine belt. A ‘push’ moraine is a morainic ridge made of unconsolidated rock debris and pushed up by the snout of an advancing glacier. See also DE GEER MORAINE; FLUTED MORAINE; and HUMMOCKY MORAINE.

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"moraine." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"moraine." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/moraine

moraine

moraine (mərān´), a formation composed of unsorted and unbedded rock and soil debris called till, which was deposited by a glacier. The till that falls on the sides of a valley glacier from the bounding cliffs makes up lateral moraines, running parallel to the valley sides. When two or more valley glaciers unite, their lateral moraines form a medial moraine, running down the center of the glacier. When two or more lobes of a continental ice sheet unite, the debris carried by each lobe intermingles, forming an interlobate moraine. When the climate of a region becomes warmer, glaciers will start receding. The debris deposited by a melting glacier is called a ground moraine. The debris left at the edge of the glacier's extreme forward movement is a terminal moraine. Similar moraines deposited during a temporary halt in the retreat of glacial ice are called recessional moraines. After the retreat of a glacier the moraines remain as prominent features of the topography. The margins of the great ice sheets of the Pleistocene epoch are marked by terminal moraines stretching across North America and Europe. See drift.

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"moraine." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"moraine." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/moraine

moraine

moraine In geology, a mound, ridge, or other visible accumulation of unsorted glacial drift, predominantly till. End moraines form when a glacier is either advancing or retreating, and rock material accumulates at the glacier's edge. Ground moraines are sheets of debris left after a steady retreat of the glacier.

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"moraine." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"moraine." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/moraine

"moraine." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/moraine

moraine

mo·raine / məˈrān/ • n. Geol. a mass of rocks and sediment carried down and deposited by a glacier, typically as ridges at its edges or extremity. DERIVATIVES: mo·rain·al / -ˈrānl/ adj. mo·rain·ic / -ˈrānik/ adj.

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"moraine." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"moraine." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/moraine-0

"moraine." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/moraine-0

moraine

moraine mountain debris carried down by a glacier. XVIII. — F.

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"moraine." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"moraine." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/moraine-1

moraine

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"moraine." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"moraine." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/moraine