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Till

Till

Till is the general term for any sediments that were deposited solely by glacial ice . Till is distinguished from other glacial deposits formed by forces other than ice, such as glaciofluvial (or glacial melt water ) deposits. A similar term is moraine, but it connotes more specific depositional mechanisms and spatial relationships to the glacier than does till.

Tills are produced by virtue of the formation, advance, and retreat of glaciers . The immense weight of an advancing glacier causes it to rip up rock and soil and incorporate them into the ice. These sediments then migrate forward as the glacier creeps downhill. When sediments reach the leading edge of the glacier where it is constantly melting , they are turned out as till.

This depositional mechanism results in tills being characterized by a physical heterogeneity; the sediments are unsorted, random in size, and may consist of a large range in particle sizefrom tiny clays to huge boulders. Tills are also generally unstratified, showing no sedimentary layering. The sediments in till exhibit a variable degree of rounding to the sediments, although some rounding is almost always observed. Despite their random origin, tills sometimes exhibit some degree of consistency in composition, allowing them to be described by the dominant size sediment they contain, such as gravelly or sandy tills.

Although tills may contain rocks from anywhere the glacier came in contact with, and sometimes do show evidence of sources hundreds of miles away, most tills are locally derived. They usually consist of rocks and soils picked up by the glacier within a few miles of where they were deposited. As a result, tills often provide evidence of the local bedrock and aid in determining the geology of areas that are now covered with glacial deposits.

See also Glacial landforms; Glaciation

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"Till." World of Earth Science. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Till." World of Earth Science. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/till

"Till." World of Earth Science. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/till

till

till1 / til/ • prep. & conj. less formal way of saying until. till2 • n. a cash register or drawer for money in a store, bank, or restaurant. PHRASES: have (or with) one's fingers (or hand) in the till used in reference to theft from one's place of work: he was caught with his hand in the till and sacked. till3 • v. [tr.] prepare and cultivate (land) for crops: no land was being tilled or crops sown. DERIVATIVES: till·a·ble adj. till4 • n. Geol. an unstratified sediment consisting of particles of various sizes and deposited by melting glaciers or ice sheets.

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"till." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"till." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/till-0

"till." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/till-0

till

till Collective term for the group of sediments laid down by the direct action of glacial ice without the intervention of water. The sediments may be classified in terms of particle size (they range between clay-rich and clast-dominated types, according to source area and travel distance), or grouped by the basic process of debris release: subglacial melt gives rise to ‘lodgement till’; surface ablation gives ‘ablation till’, followed by flow till after further movement; and the general thaw of static ice produces ‘melt-out till’. See TILL FABRIC ANALYSIS.

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"till." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"till." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/till

till

till A collective term for the group of sediments laid down by the direct action of glacial ice without the intervention of water. The sediments may be classified in terms of particle size or grouped according to the basic process of debris release. Subglacial melt gives rise to lodgement till; surface ablation gives ablation till, followed by flow till after further movement; and the general thaw of static ice produces melt-out till. See also boulder clay.

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"till." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"till." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/till-0

"till." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/till-0

till

till2 prep. (Sc. and north.) to OE.; up to the time of XIV; conj. to the time that XII. OE. (Nhb.) til prep. = ON. til; prob. from adv. use of Gmc. sb. *tilam, repr. by OE. till fixed point, station, MLG. til, tel aim, point of time, OHG. zil (G. ziel end, goal), ON. aldrtili ‘end of life’, death, Goth. til opportunity. In ME. (and later) use due to adoption of the ON. word.

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"till." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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till

till1 labour upon, cultivate. OE. tilian strive after, attempt, obtain, treat, (late) cultivate = OS. tilian, tilon obtain (Du. telen produce, raise, cultivate), OHG. zilōn, zilēn (G. zielen aim, strive), Goth. gatilōn :- Gmc. *tilōjan, *tilējan, f. *tilam aim, goal (see next).
Hence tillage XV.

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"till." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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till

till In geology, sediment consisting of an unsorted mixture of clay, sand, gravel, and boulders that is deposited directly by the ice of glaciers.

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"till." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"till." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/till

"till." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/till

till

till3 †small box, etc. contained within a larger one XV; box or drawer for holding cash in a shop XVII. of unkn. orig.

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till

till: see drift.

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"till." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"till." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/till

till

tillbill, Brazil, brill, Camille, chill, cookchill, dill, distil (US distill), downhill, drill, Edgehill, Estoril, fill, freewill, frill, fulfil (US fulfill), Gill, goodwill, grill, grille, hill, ill, instil, kill, krill, mil, mill, nil, Phil, pill, quadrille, quill, rill, Seville, shill, shrill, sill, skill, spadille, spill, squill, still, stock-still, swill, thill, thrill, till, trill, twill, until, uphill, will •hwyl • bank bill • handbill • waxbill •playbill, waybill •cranesbill • sibyl • crossbill • sawbill •hornbill • storksbill • shoebill •spoonbill • duckbill • razorbill •gerbil • wind chill • Churchill • idyll •daffodil • back-fill • landfill • monofil •fibrefill (US fiberfill) • chlorophyll •bluegill

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"till." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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