It is not necessary for the clients and the servers to be running on the same computer system. Indeed, the use of client/server systems is especially effective where many users on a network require a range of different services, which can be best supplied by the use of a specialized hardware configuration provided at a small number of locations on the network.
Many of the ideas underlying client/server computing were first given a firm definition in the X Windows system. See also interprocess communication, remote procedure call.
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