Clitherow, Margaret (1556–1586)
Clitherow, Margaret (1556–1586)
English martyr and saint. Name variations: Margaret Middleton; Pearl of York. Born in 1556 in York, England; died Mar 25, 1586 in England; dau. of Thomas Middleton (sheriff of York, 1564–65); m. John Clitherow (butcher and chamberlain of city), 1571; children: Henry and William (priests); Anne (nun at St. Ursula's, Louvain).
Canonized for defense of priests and adherence to Catholic precepts and practices despite persecution during Reformation; converted to Catholicism (1574); remained in marriage though husband continued to belong to Protestant Church; for harboring priests and celebrating mass, was frequently imprisoned, sometimes for 2 years at a time, but never abandoned activities; arrested (Mar 10, 1586), was arraigned before Judges Clinch and Rhodes and several members of Council of the North at York assizes (Mar 14); condemned to "peine forte et dure" (to be pressed to death); tormented by ministers, was urged to confess crimes but refused, to avoid implicating her children and servants; was probably with child when sentence was carried out barbar ously on Good Friday (1586); canonized by Pope Paul VI (1970).
See also John Mush, "Life and Death of Margaret Clitherow the Martyr of York" in Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers (W. Nicholson, 1849).
"Clitherow, Margaret (1556–1586)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/clitherow-margaret-1556-1586
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