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papain

papain Proteolytic enzyme from the juice of the pawpaw (Carica papaya) used in tenderizing meat; sometimes called vegetable pepsin. The enzyme is obtained as the dried latex on the skin of the fruit by scratching it while still on the tree, and collecting the flow. In the tropics meat is often tenderized by wrapping in pawpaw leaves.

The rate of reaction is slow at room temperature, increasing to maximum activity at 80 °C and rapidly inactivated at higher temperatures; hence, papain continues to tenderize the meat during the early stages of cooking.

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"papain." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"papain." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/papain

"papain." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/papain

papain

pa·pa·in / pəˈpā-in; -pī-/ • n. a protein-digesting enzyme obtained from unripe papaya fruit, used to tenderize meat and as a food supplement to aid digestion.

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"papain." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"papain." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/papain

"papain." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/papain

papain

papain A protein-digesting enzyme (see protease) occurring in the fruit of the West Indian papaya tree (Carica papaya). It is used as a digestant and in the manufacture of meat tenderizers.

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"papain." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"papain." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/papain

"papain." A Dictionary of Biology. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/papain

papain

papain: see papaya.

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"papain." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"papain." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/papain

"papain." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/papain