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foie gras

foie gras (fwä grä) [Fr.,=fat liver], livers of artificially fattened geese. Ducks and chickens are also sometimes used in the making of foie gras. The birds, kept in close coops to prevent exercise, are systematically fed to the limit of their capacity. Under this treatment the livers are brought to weigh 2 or 3 lb (1.0–1.5 kg) or more. Foie gras was prized by epicures in Egypt, Greece, and Rome, but the fattening of geese for their livers became a lost art during the Middle Ages except in Strasbourg. The industry was revived in the 18th cent. following the creation of pâté de foie gras by Jean Joseph Close (or Clause), a chef brought to Alsace by a French governor of the province. The pâté is made by cooking fresh livers, reducing them to a paste delicately seasoned with wine and aromatics and combining it with truffles and finely chopped veal. The making of foie gras has become a famous industry of Strasbourg and of Toulouse, France. The product is exported to all parts of the world in several forms—the esteemed pâté; foie gras au naturel, the plain cooked livers; a sausage; and a purée.

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"foie gras." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 30 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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foie gras

foie gras (French for ‘fat liver’.) The liver of goose or duck that has been specially fed and fattened; may be cooked whole or used as the basis of pâté de foie gras, the most highly prized of the pâtés.

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"foie gras." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. 30 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"foie gras." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 30, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/foie-gras

"foie gras." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Retrieved May 30, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/foie-gras

foie gras

foie gras / fwä ˈgrä/ • n. short for pâté de foie gras.

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"foie gras." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 30 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"foie gras." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 30, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/foie-gras-0

"foie gras." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved May 30, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/foie-gras-0

foie gras

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"foie gras." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 30 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"foie gras." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved May 30, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/foie-gras