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Shirk

Shirk (Arab.). The most heinous of sins in Islamic reckoning, the alienation from God, to some pseudo-deity, of what only and properly is God's. Shirk is the antithesis of tawḥīd. The root verb has to do with ‘sharing’ or ‘association’. Shirk violates the exclusive sovereignty of God, as idolatry does. To worship what is not divine is shirk al-ʿIbāda. But there is also shirk al-maʿrifa when knowledge, possessed only by God, is attributed to another. To commit shirk is to be a mushrik, one who is not muslim (submitted) to God.

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"Shirk." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Shirk." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk

"Shirk." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk

shirk

shirk / shərk/ • v. [tr.] avoid or neglect (a duty or responsibility): their sole motive is to shirk responsibility and rip off the company. • n. archaic a person who shirks. DERIVATIVES: shirk·er n.

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"shirk." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"shirk." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk-0

"shirk." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk-0

shirk

shirk †practise fraud or trickery; (dial.) slink, sneak away XVII; evade (duty, etc.) XVIII. rel. to †shirk sponger, perh. — G. schurke scoundrel.

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"shirk." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"shirk." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk-1

"shirk." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk-1

shirk

shirkberk, berserk, Burke, cirque, dirk, Dunkirk, erk, irk, jerk, kirk, lurk, mirk, murk, outwork, perk, quirk, shirk, smirk, stirk, Turk, work •Selkirk • Falkirk • Atatürk •patchwork • handwork • waxwork •artwork, part-work •craftwork • headwork • legwork •metalwork • guesswork •fretwork, network •breastwork • daywork • spadework •framework • brainwork •casework, lacework •paintwork • beadwork • fieldwork •needlework • teamwork • piecework •brickwork • handiwork • bodywork •basketwork • donkeywork • telework •clockwork • knotwork • formwork •coursework • falsework •groundwork • housework •coachwork • roadwork • homework •stonework • woodwork • bookwork •footwork • brushwork • firework •ironwork • underwork • wickerwork •paperwork • openwork • camerawork •masterwork, plasterwork •earthwork

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"shirk." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"shirk." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk

"shirk." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shirk