Skip to main content
Select Source:

Military Police, United States

Military Police, United States

The U.S. military police are the law enforcement corps within each of the major services. The army has its Military Police Corps, the navy its Shore Patrol, the air force its Air Force Security Police, and the Marine Corps its Military Police. These forces are staffed almost entirely by military personnel, and are responsible for all the ordinary functions of a police force, as well as additional military duties.

Formal organization of military police in the United States dates back to the early twentieth century. Today the largest of the military police corps is, not surprisingly, that of the largest service, the Army, whose provost marshal general sits on the Department of the Army staff. Military police personnel are involved in law enforcement operations ranging from protecting school crossings and writing parking tickets to murder investigations and under-cover drug stings.

Personnel at U.S. bases around the country and the world provide temporary confinement of service members charged under the uniform code of military justice (UCMJ). Assuming the individual is found guilty after trial in a military court, where he or she is represented by a member of the judge advocate general (JAG) corps, if the sentence warrants, the convicted will serve time at a federal facility such as Fort Leavenworth in Kansas.

In addition to the regular military police activities, several branches have special undercover contingentsfor example, the Army Central Investigation Division (CID)as well as corrections officers. Military police, known as MPs in the Army and Marines, are trained for combat, and are often involved in second or third waves of an invading force. Once a target area has been subdued, MPs will often undertake the preservation of order, and the MP commander will serve as effective leader of the area until replaced.

FURTHER READING:

BOOKS:

Wright, Robert K. Military Police. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, 1992.

PERIODICALS:

Dominique, Dean J. "Convoy Rat Patrol." Army Logistician 34, no. 3 (May/June 2002): 3637.

Flatter, J. R. "Military Police: A Force of Choice for the 21st Century MEU (SOC)." Marine Corps Gazette 81, no. 7 (July 1997): 36.

Warden, John A. III. "The New American Security Force." Airpower Journal 13, no. 3 (fall 1999): 7591.

SEE ALSO

DoD (United States Department of Defense)
Law Enforcement, Responses to Terrorism

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Military Police, United States." Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Military Police, United States." Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/military-police-united-states

"Military Police, United States." Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/military-police-united-states

Military Police, United States

Military Police, United States

Forensic science is not the exclusive domain of civilian law enforcement agencies. Various branches of the military also undertake investigations into accidents and deaths and must utilize the same forensic techniques and skills as those used by local, state, and federal police. Military police are also concerned with crimes and accidents that call for forensic analyses, albeit of a more specialized nature than their civilian counterparts.

The United States military police, whose establishment dates back to the early twentieth century, are the law enforcement corps within each of the major services. The Army has the Military Police Corps (the largest of the armed forces police services), the Navy has the Shore Patrol, the Air Force has the Air Force Security Police, and the Marine Corps has the Military Police. These forces are staffed almost entirely by military personnel, and are responsible for all the ordinary civilian-analogous functions of a police force, as well as additional military duties.

Military police personnel are involved in law enforcement operations ranging from protecting school crossings and writing parking tickets to murder investigations and undercover drug stings. Personnel at U.S. bases around the country and the world provide temporary confinement of service members charged under the uniform code of military justice (UCMJ). Assuming the individual is found guilty after trial in a military court, where he or she is represented by a member of the judge advocate general (JAG) corps, if the sentence warrants, the convicted will serve time at a federal facility such as Fort Leavenworth in Kansas.

In addition to the regular military police activities, several branches have special undercover contingentsfor example, the forensically-relevant Army Central Investigation Division (CID)as well as corrections officers.

see also Careers in forensic science; Navy Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS); United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Military Police, United States." World of Forensic Science. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Military Police, United States." World of Forensic Science. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/military-police-united-states

"Military Police, United States." World of Forensic Science. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/military-police-united-states