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dump

dump / dəmp/ • n. 1. a site for depositing garbage. ∎  a place where a particular kind of waste, esp. dangerous waste, is left: a nuclear waste dump. ∎  a heap of garbage left at a dump. ∎ inf. an unpleasant or dreary place: she says the town has become a dump. ∎ inf. an act of defecation. 2. Comput. a copying of stored data to a different location, performed typically as a protection against loss. ∎  a printout or list of the contents of a computer's memory, occurring typically after a system failure. • v. [tr.] 1. deposit or dispose of (garbage, waste, or unwanted material), typically in a careless or hurried way: trucks dumped 1,900 tons of refuse here | [intr.] an attempt to prevent people from dumping on vacant lots. ∎  put down or abandon (something) hurriedly in order to make an escape: the couple dumped the car and fled. ∎  put (something) down firmly or heavily and carelessly: she dumped her knapsack on the floor. ∎ inf. abandon or desert (someone): his girlfriend dumped him for being fat. ∎  send (goods unsalable in the home market) to a foreign market for sale at a low price: other countries dump steel in the U.S. at below-market prices. ∎ inf. sell off (assets) rapidly: investors dumped shares in scores of other consumer-goods firms. 2. Comput. copy (stored data) to a different location, esp. so as to protect against loss. ∎  print out or list the contents of (a store), esp. after a system failure. 3. Football tackle (a quarterback) before he can throw a pass. PHRASAL VERBS: dump on inf. criticize or abuse (someone); treat badly: you get dumped on just because of your name.

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"dump." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump-0

"dump." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump-0

dumping

dumping, selling goods at less than the normal price, usually as exports in international trade. It may be done by a producer, a group of producers, or a nation. Dumping is usually done to drive competitors off the market and secure a monopoly, or to hinder foreign competition. To counterbalance international dumping, nations often resort to flexible tariffs. In international trade, acute competition from foreign producers often leads to charges of dumping. A policy of dumping depends for its effectiveness on the possibility of maintaining separate domestic and foreign markets, on monopolistic influences maintaining a high price in the home market, on export bounties, or on low import duties in the foreign market. Dumping disturbs those markets that receive dumped goods, and it may drive local producers out of business. Governments may condone, or even sponsor, dumping in other markets for either political reasons or to achieve a more favorable balance of payments. In the late 19th cent., dumping became part of the trade policy of great European cartels, especially German cartels. Britain, France, Japan, and the United States also have practiced dumping. Antidumping legislation was first passed (1904) by Canada. In the United States various tariff acts have been passed to deal with different types of dumping; in particular the 1921 Emergency Tariff Act imposed special duties on goods imported for sale at less than their fair value or cost of production. It was amended by the Customs Simplification Act of 1954. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) prohibits dumping and provides for increased import duties to combat the practice.

See R. Dale, Anti-Dumping Law in a Liberal Trade Order (1981).

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"dumping." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dumping." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dumping

"dumping." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dumping

dump

dump
1. In a system handling large numbers of users' files stored on magnetic disks, one of the periodic records of the state of the disks that are made on some form of offline storage device. This protects against failures either in hardware or software that can lead to the corruption of stored information. In the event of a system error that causes information to be lost, the most recently copied version of the information can be reinstated from the dump.

On a large multiuser system, the total volume of stored information means that it may not be practicable to dump all the information on every occasion. In these cases an incremental dump can be taken, containing only those files that are marked as having been altered since the last dump; this reduces the total amount of information to be copied during the dump, allowing dumps to be made more frequently.

2. A printed version of the contents of system memory taken when a system crash has occurred. In principle it is possible to determine the immediate cause of a system crash by studying the dump and determining the reason for any inconsistencies in its contents. In practice this may be difficult even with the assistance of dump analysis software.

3. To take a dump (defs. 1 or 2).

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"dump." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump

"dump." A Dictionary of Computing. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump

dump

dump 2
A. †throw down or fall with sudden force XIV;

B. throw down in a mass (orig. U.S.) XIX. In north. ME. perh. of Scand. orig. (cf. Da. dumpe, Norw. dumpa fall suddenly or with a rush, and Sw. dimpa, pt. damp, pp. dumpit); but an independent imit. orig. is poss.
Hence sb. matter dumped, place of dumping. XIX.

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"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump-2

"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump-2

dump

dump, dumpe. Title given to some Eng. kbd. pieces of the 16th and early 17th cents., often in variation form and possibly elegiac in intention (‘down in the dumps’, for example, means ‘in a depressed mood’). My Ladye Careys Dompe is a typical (though anonymous) example.

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"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump

"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump

dump

dump In computing, information copied from computer memory to an output or storage device. It may be the entire contents of a file copied to another disk, or a print-out of the screen (screen dump).

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"dump." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dump

"dump." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dump

dump

dump 1 fit of melancholy or depression, freq. and now only pl.; †mournful tune. XVI. prob. of LG. or Du. orig. and a fig. use of MDu. domp exhalation, haze, mist, rel. to DAMP.

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"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump-1

"dump." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump-1

dumps

dumps / dəmps/ • pl. n. (in phrase (down) in the dumps) inf. (of a person) depressed or unhappy.

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"dumps." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dumps." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dumps

"dumps." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dumps

Dump

Dump

a pile or heap of rubbish, 1871.

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"Dump." Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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dump

dumpamp, camp, champ, clamp, cramp, damp, encamp, gamp, lamp, ramp, samp, scamp, stamp, tamp, tramp, vamp •firedamp • headlamp • wheel clamp •sidelamp • spotlamp • blowlamp •sunlamp •hemp, kemp, temp •blimp, chimp, crimp, gimp, imp, limp, pimp, primp, scrimp, shrimp, simp, skimp, wimp •chomp, clomp, comp, pomp, romp, stomp, swamp, tromp, whomp, yomp •bump, chump, clump, crump, dump, flump, frump, gazump, grump, hump, jump, lump, outjump, plump, pump, rump, scrump, slump, stump, sump, thump, trump, tump, ump, whump •ski-jump • showjump • handpump •mugwump

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"dump." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dump." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump

"dump." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dump