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Deflation

DEFLATION


Deflation is a general and sustained reduction in the level of prices. It is the opposite of inflation. Falling prices may seem to bring widespread benefits to society, making everything more affordable; in reality, deflation may pose serious dangers. Falling prices are usually a sign that economic activity is slowing down to an alarming degree. That means that companies take in less money and make less profit; therefore, they can hire fewer workers and they may have to lay off those they have. Falling prices also mean that fewer companies will be able to invest in new plants and equipment. Failures to modernize can often hurt companies in the long run. With smaller paychecks, families will buy less, which further dampens economic activity. Extreme examples of deflation, most notably the Great Depression (19291939) of the 1930s, have been marked by hardship and high unemployment. In general, economists prefer that prices neither rise nor fall too quickly; they instead prefer to see prices remain steady over time.

See also: Inflation, Price

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"Deflation." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Deflation." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/deflation

"Deflation." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/deflation

deflation

de·fla·tion / diˈflāshən/ • n. 1. the action or process of deflating or being deflated. 2. Econ. reduction of the general level of prices in an economy. 3. Geol. the removal of particles of rock, sand, etc., by the wind. DERIVATIVES: de·fla·tion·ist / -ist/ n. & adj.

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"deflation." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"deflation." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation

"deflation." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation

deflation

deflation Falling prices, accompanied by falls in output and employment; the opposite of inflation. It normally occurs during a recession or depression, and can be measured by the price index. Excess production capacity leads to an excess of supply, in which manufacturers supply more goods than consumers wish to buy, and usually causes deflation.

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"deflation." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"deflation." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/deflation

"deflation." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/deflation

deflation

deflation The removal of material from a land surface by aeolian processes. It is most effective where extensive unconsolidated materials are exposed (e.g. on beaches, and on dry lake and river beds). The very large, enclosed hollows of many deserts (e.g. the Qattara Depression of the Egyptian Sahara) may be owing to deflation.

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"deflation." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"deflation." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation-0

"deflation." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation-0

deflation

deflation The removal of material from a land surface by aeolian processes. It is most effective where extensive unconsolidated materials are exposed, e.g. on beaches, and on dry lake and river beds. The very large, enclosed hollows of many deserts (e.g. the Qattara Depression of the Egyptian Sahara) may be due to deflation.

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"deflation." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"deflation." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation

"deflation." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation

deflation

deflation See polynomial equation.

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"deflation." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"deflation." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation

"deflation." A Dictionary of Computing. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/deflation

deflation

deflation: see inflation.

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"deflation." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"deflation." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/deflation

"deflation." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/deflation