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The Home Depot, Inc.

The Home Depot, Inc.

2727 Paces Ferry Road
Atlanta, Georgia 30339
U.S.A.
(770) 433-8211
Fax: (770) 431-2739
Web site: http://www.homedepot.com

Public Company
Incorporated:
1978
Employees: 95,000
Sales: $15.47 billion
Stock Exchanges: New York
SICs: 5211 Lumber and Other Building Materials; 5251 Hardware Stores; 5231 Paint, Glass, and Wallpaper Stores

The Home Depot, Inc. the largest home center retailer in the United States, operates 478 warehouse stores and sells more than 40,000 items to both the rapidly growing do-it-yourself home improvement market and construction professionals. The companys stores are located in 19 states, on the West Coast as well as in the southwestern, northeastern, and southeastern regions of the United States. California and Florida are the states containing the most Home Depot outlets, most of which are clustered around urban areas. A typical Home Depot warehousemore than twice the industry norm at an average of 105,000 square feetstocks building materials, wall and floor coverings, paint, plumbing supplies, hardware, tools, electrical supplies, and supplies for landscaping and gardening.

Roots in Handy Dan

The company was incorporated in June 1978 as a result of a corporate management shake-up by new ownership of the Handy Dan home center chain. As a result of the managerial shuffle, Bernard Marcus, Arthur Blank, and Ronald Brill found themselves out of work. With backing from a New York venture capital firm, Marcus and his two associates formed The Home Depot and opened the companys first outlets in the Atlanta, Georgia, area. The concept that had helped secure financing for the project was that when the price of merchandise was marked down, sales increased while the cost of making those sales decreased. The major problem that had plagued most cut-rate retail operations, however, was poor service at the operations level, which hired unskilled, low-paid employees to keep costs down.

Marcus and his partners realized that recognizing customers needs was one of the most important elements in a companys growth. They were aware that at the time do-it-yourselfers made up more than 60 percent of the building supply industrys sales volume, but the majority of them did not have the technical knowledge or expertise to accomplish most home repair or improvement projects.

The Home Depot management team set about to solve this problem in two ways. First, they made sure that all Home Depot stores were large enough to stock at least 25,000 different items. Their competitor locations normally had room for only 10,000. The second solution was to train the sales staff in each store to help remove much of the mystery attached to home improvement projects from the minds of consumers. Marcus and his partners believed that, with the education provided by knowledgeable sales staffers, Home Depot customers would gain the confidence to take on more projects at home, coming back to Home Depot outlets to purchase what was needed and get additional advice from sales staff.

Home Depot built its sales staff from both dedicated do-it-yourselfers and professional tradespeople, hiring most employees in full-time capacities. Only 10 percent of Home Depots sales personnel were part-time. Whenever possible, each store had a licensed plumber and electrician on staff, and customers were urged to call the Home Depot store in their area if they had any problem or questions while they were doing their home repair or improvement projects. The company also scheduled in-store instructional workshops for its customers and in some cases brought in local contractors as teachers.

This approach paid off. By 1984 the company was operating 19 stores and reported sales of $256 million, a 118 percent increase over 1983. In 1986 Home Depots sales reached the $1 billion mark, and the company was operating 50 retail outlets.

Troubles During the Mid-1980s

The companys growth was not without its problems, however. In 1984 Home Depot paid $38.4 million for the nine-store Bowater warehouse chain, with outlets in Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama. The acquisition created immediate difficulties. Bowaters reputation with consumers was shoddy, and the merchandise in its stores did not match what Home Depot carried in its other outlets. In addition, Bowaters employees did not meet Home Depots standards; Home Depot would eventually be forced to dismiss almost all of them.

During these years Home Depots sales continued to climb, but for the first time in the companys history the cost of sales also increased. In 1985 the companys earnings fell 42 percent, and with the ever-increasing costs of opening new outletsat that time it was more than $8 million per storethe companys long-term debt rose from $4 million to $200 million in just two years. By the end of 1985, the companys stock price had plummeted. It was clear that changes were needed if Home Depot was to continue to grow and prosper.

The company slowed down its expansion. In 1986 Home Depot only opened ten new stores, all in existing, established markets. A stock offering of 2.99 million shares at $17 per share helped reduce and restructure the company debt. Marcus also installed a computerized inventory control system and upgraded the companys management training programs. In keeping with Marcuss commitment to slower, more conservative growth, the company continued opening new stores to completely capture existing markets instead of striking out into new regions of the country.

1989: A Breakthrough Year

By 1989 Home Depot had surpassed Lowes Companies in sales, becoming the largest home-repair chain in the United States. By years end almost all outlets were using the companys new satellite data communications network. The fast and accurate exchange of information now linking stores permitted continued growth by enhancing the companys responsiveness to market changes. The satellite also served as a foundation for the Home Depot television network, a system that produces and transmits live programming by top management to each outlet. The companys net earnings increased 46 percent in 1990, and Home Depot effected a three-for-two stock split that same year. Sales increased 38 percent over 1989. With the trend for continued growth in the do-it-yourself market shown by a 33 percent increase in the number of customer transactions logged by the company in 1990, along with an increase of 4 percent for the average customer sale, Home Depot seemed to be an emerging giant in the U.S. retail marketplace.

The company began the 1990s with the goal of doing more than $10 billion in sales from 350 locations by 1995. Part of this plan included a 75-store expansion into the northeastern United States, one of Home Depots strongest markets despite the regions economic setbacks. Company officials believed the areas dense population and large number of older homes would generate impressive results. Expansion plans also included the state of Washington.

Despite the continued health of the home remodeling market, the companys stock flattened out in 1993, as the firm began to saturate its market. Along with superstores like Bed Bath & Beyond, Home Depot suffered from consumer reaction to the proliferation of large warehouse megastores. In reaction, the company began to search for ways to redefine its marketplace, as well as developing enhancements to its three-tiered price, assortment, and service strategies.

Continued Growth During the 1990s

Throughout the 1990s Home Depot tested out several programs designed to determine where business could grow next. In 1991 it sampled customer interest in an installation program for items like carpets, doors, and windows. The program met with success and was adopted throughout Home Depot stores. A bridal registry was tested, as well as a drive-in lumberyard and a delivery service. Home Depot also established an environmental marketing department to help educate consumers about what product choices are more environmentally friendly. Over 70 hardware productsfrom light bulbs to paintwere identified for customers via in-store flyers and posters. Customer satisfaction again came under consideration in a program called S.P.Istore productivity improvementin which cleaning, restocking, and other routine tasks are scheduled after store hours. In 1995 Home Depot opened its first 24-hour store and published a book on home repair, the 480-page Home Improvement 1-2-3, compiled with Better Homes and Gardens magazine publisher Meredith Corporation.

Company Perspectives:

As the population in North America continues to age, so does the housing stock. More people are reinvesting in their most precious material assettheir homewith renewed vigor. They are remodeling, updating and tackling more projects on their own. And they are coming to The Home Depot to do their shopping.

What they find is a feel good store: a place where they feel good about walking in our doors, feel good about consulting our knowledgeable associates, feel good about paying a low price and feel good about returning time after time.

But as good as our business feels, what we have accomplished over the years is only a springboard from which to improve as we continue to evolve and respond to the opportunities and challenges ahead.

As we look forward with a quickening pace, we envision years of dynamic profitability, sales, growth and success for our associates and stockholders alike. And you can bet that we wont rest for a minute while we paint the industry orange.

In addition to entering new U.S. markets, Home Depot began to examine other options. In 1994 the company spent $150 million on a 75 percent share of Aikenheads Home Improvement Warehouse, a Canadian hardware chain. While Home Depot examined the possibility of expansion both north and south of the border, by the following year plans to open outlets in Mexico had been put on hold, and the number of planned Canadian openings had been reduced to 25 through 1996. Instead, the company added to the number of its EXPO Design Centers, bringing the total to five. Begun in 1991 and located throughout the U.S., these stores have captured the upscale interior design market and further expanded the companys sales base. In addition, efforts to court the commercial market also began to reap profits; overall, Home Depot net earnings achieved a 5-year compound growth rate of 35 percent over the first half of the 1990s.

In addition to its dual concerns of maintaining both the bottom line and customer satisfaction, Home Depot has continued to take a leadership role in many of the communities that its stores have entered. Under the leadership of Blank, who contends that corporate America has a responsibility to give back to the society within which it flourishes, Home Depots Team Depot has become involved in humanitarian causes ranging from local welfare organizations to Habitat for Humanity and the Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada and the United States. In addition to encouraging the continuous volunteer efforts of its employees, the company also employed 1996 Olympic hopeful athletes, paying them competitive wages as part-time employees during their training for the Atlanta-based games, of which Home Depot was a corporate sponsor.

Although some forecasters continued to shed doubt upon the companys ability to maintain its phenomenal level of growth through the year 2000, company management has remained confident. By 3rd-quarter 1996 Home Depot had reported earnings of $221up 26 percent from the previous yearand was ranked among the ten largest retailers in the United States. Despite the losses posted to competitors in the do-it-yourself retail market, Home Depots 9 percent increase in same-store sales in 1996 showed that, within the $90 billion consumer home improvement market, orange had become the color of choice.

Further Reading

The Home Depot, Management Horizons, July 1990.

Home Depot and the Home Center Industry, Mid-Atlantic Journal of Business, December 1994.

The How in Home Improvement, New York Times, June 14, 1992.

Shelter from the Recession, Time, June 10, 1991.

Will Home Depot Be The Wal-Mart of the 90s? Business Week, March 19, 1990.

Zemke, Ron, The Service Edge, New York: NAL Books, 1986.

William R. Grossman

updated by Pamela L. Shelton

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"The Home Depot, Inc.." International Directory of Company Histories. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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The Home Depot, Inc.

The Home Depot, Inc.

2727 Paces Ferry Road
Atlanta, Georgia 30339
U.S.A.
(404) 433-8211
Fax: (404) 431-2739

Public Company
Incorporated: 1978
Employees: 21,500
Sales: $3.82 billion
Stock Exchange: New York

The Home Depot, Inc. (HD), the largest home center retailer in the United States, operates 165 warehouse stores and sells more than 30,000 items to the rapidly growing do-it-yourself home improvement market. The companys stores are located on the West Coast and in the southwestern, northeastern, and southeastern regions of the United States. A typical HD warehouse stocks building materials, wall and floor coverings, paint, plumbing supplies, hardware, tools, electrical supplies, and supplies for landscaping and gardening.

The company was incorporated in June of 1978 as a result of a corporate management shake-up by new ownership of the Handy Dan home center chain. As a result of the managerial shuffle, Bernard Marcus, Arthur Blank, and Ronald Brill found themselves out of work. With backing from a New York venture capital firm, Marcus and his two associates formed The Home Depot and opened the companys first outlets in the Atlanta, Georgia, area. The concept that had helped secure financing for the project was that when the price of merchandise was marked down, sales increased while the cost of making those sales decreased. The major problem that had plagued most cut-rate retail operations, however, was poor service at the operations level, which hired unskilled, low-paid employees to keep costs down.

Marcus and his partners realized that recognizing customers needs was one of the most important elements in a companys growth. They were aware that at the time do-it-yourselfers made up more than 60% of the building supply industrys sales volume, but the majority of them did not have the technical knowledge or expertise to accomplish most home repair or improvement projects.

The HD management team set about to solve this problem in two ways. First, they made sure that all HD stores were large enough to stock at least 25,000 different items. Their competitor locations normally had room for only 10,000. The second solution was to train the sales staff in each store to help remove much of the mystery attached to home improvement projects. The educated salespeople helped to create an increasing customer base in this fashion. Marcus and his partners believed an educated customer would take on more projects at home and would come back to HD outlets to purchase what was needed and get advice from a knowledgeable sales staffer.

HD composed its sales staff of dedicated do-it-yourselfers and professional tradespeople, in full-time capacities. Only 10% of HDs sales personnel were part-time. Whenever possible, each store had a licensed plumber and electrician on staff, and customers were urged to call the HD store in their area if they had any problem or questions while they were doing their home repair or improvement projects. The company also scheduled in-store instructional workshops for its customers and in some cases brought in local contractors to teach.

This approach paid off. By 1984 the company was operating 19 stores and reported sales of $256 million, a 118% increase over 1983. In 1986 HDs sales reached the $1 billion mark, and the company was operating 50 retail outlets.

The companys growth was not without its problems. In 1984 HD paid $38.4 million for the nine-store Bowater warehouse chain with outlets in Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama. The acquisition created immediate difficulties. Bowaters reputation with consumers was shoddy, and the merchandise in its stores did not match what HD carried in its other outlets. In addition, Bowaters employees did not meet HDs standards and, eventually, HD dismissed almost all of them.

During these years HDs sales continued to climb, but for the first time in the companys history, the cost of sales increased. In 1985 the companys earnings fell 42%, and with the ever-increasing costs of opening new outletsat that time it was more than $8 million per storethe companys long-term debt rose from $4 million to $200 million in just two years. By the end of 1985, the companys stock price had plummeted, and changes were needed if the company was to continue to grow and prosper.

The company slowed down its expansion. In 1986 it only opened ten new stores, all in existing, established markets. A stock offering of 2.99 million shares at $17 helped reduce and restructure the company debt. Marcus also installed a computerized inventory control system and upgraded the companys management training programs. In keeping with Marcuss commitment to slower, more conservative growth, the company continued opening new stores to completely capture existing markets instead of striking out into new regions of the country.

In 1989 HD surpassed Lowes Companies in sales to become the largest home-repair chain in the United States. The company began the 1990s with a goal of becoming a national retail chain doing more than $10 billion in sales from 350 locations by 1995. Part of this plan included an expansion into the northeastern United States by the addition of 75 stores. Company officials believed the areas dense population and large number of older homes would generate impressive results. Expansion plans also included the state of Washington.

By the end of 1989, almost all outlets were using the companys new satellite data communications network. The fast and accurate exchange of information between stores was designed to permit continued growth with responsiveness to market changes. The satellite is also the foundation of the companys new Home Depot television network, a system that produces and transmits live programming by top management to each outlet. The companys net earnings increased 46% in 1990, and HD effected a three-for-two stock split that same year. Sales increased 38% over 1989. With the trend for continued growth in the do-it-yourself market shown by a 33% increase in the number of customer transactions logged by the company in 1990, along with an increase of 4% for the average customer sale, HD seems to be an emerging giant in the U.S. retail marketplace.

Further Reading

Zemke, Ron, The Service Edge, New York, NAL Books, 1986; Will Home Depot Be The Wal-Mart of the 90s? Business Week, March 19, 1990; The Home Depot, Management Horizons, July 1990.

William R. Grossman

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"The Home Depot, Inc.." International Directory of Company Histories. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"The Home Depot, Inc.." International Directory of Company Histories. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/books/politics-and-business-magazines/home-depot-inc-0

"The Home Depot, Inc.." International Directory of Company Histories. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/books/politics-and-business-magazines/home-depot-inc-0