number system
number system Although early number systems were not positional, all of the number systems most commonly used today are positional systems: the value of a number in such a system is determined not just by the digits in the number but also by the position in the number of each of the digits. If a positional system has a fixed radix (or fixed base) R then each digit a_{i} in any number a_{n}a_{n}_{–1}…a_{0}
is an integer in the range 0 to (R – 1) and the number is interpreted as a_{n}R^{n} + a_{n}_{–1}R^{n}^{–1} + … + a_{1}R^{1} + a_{0}R^{0}
Since this is a polynomial in R, such numbers are sometimes called polynomial numbers. The decimal and binary systems are both fixedradix systems, with a radix of 10 and 2, respectively.
Fractional values can also be represented in a fixedradix system. Thus, ·a_{1}a_{2}…a_{n}
is interpreted as a_{1}R^{–1} + a_{2}R^{–2} + … + a_{n}R^{–}^{n}
In a mixedradix (or mixedbase) system, the digit a_{i} in any number a_{n}a_{n}_{–1}…a_{0}
lies in the range 0 to R_{i}, where R_{i} is not the same for every i. The number is then interpreted as (…((a_{n}R_{n}_{–1}) + a_{n}_{–1})R_{n}_{–2} + … + a_{1})R_{0} + a_{0}
For example, 122 days 17 hours 35 minutes 22 seconds is equal to (((((1×10) + 2)10 + 2)24 + 17)60 + 35)60 + 22 seconds
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"number system." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.
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number systems
number systems. J.J. Rousseau introduced a system of numerical notation in which the first 8 numerals are substituted for the 8 notes in the scale. Nos. are popular among 20thcent. composers, because of the concept of ‘parameters’, in which mus. sounds are regarded as the sum of several components (pitch, duration, intensity, timbre, and position in space). What is called the Fibonacci series (each no. the sum of the previous 2) has been used to control these components by such composers as Krenek, Stockhausen, Maxwell Davies, and Nono.
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"number systems." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"number systems." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionariesthesaurusespicturesandpressreleases/numbersystems
"number systems." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionariesthesaurusespicturesandpressreleases/numbersystems