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can1 / kan/ • modal verb (3rd sing. present can ; past could / koŏd/ ) 1. be able to: they can run fast I could hear footsteps. ∎  be able to through acquired knowledge or skill: I can speak Italian. ∎  have the opportunity or possibility to: there are many ways vacationers can take money abroad. ∎  used to express doubt or surprise about the possibility of something's being the case: he can't have finished where can she have gone? 2. be permitted to: you can use the phone if you want to. ∎  used to ask someone to do something: can you open the window? ∎  used to make a suggestion or offer: we can have another drink if you like. 3. used to indicate that something is typically the case: he could be very moody. can2 • n. 1. a cylindrical metal container: a garbage can a can of paint. ∎  a small steel or aluminum container in which food or drink is hermetically sealed for storage over long periods: soup cans. ∎  the quantity of food or drink held by such a container: he drank two cans of beer. 2. (the can) inf. prison. 3. (the can) inf. the toilet. • v. (canned , can·ning ) [tr.] (often be canned) 1. preserve (food) in a can. 2. inf. dismiss (someone) from their job: he was canned because of a fight over promotion. ∎  reject (something) as inadequate. PHRASES: a can of worms a complicated matter likely to prove awkward or embarrassing: to question the traditional model of education opens up a can of worms.DERIVATIVES: can·ner n.

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"can." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"can." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/can-1

"can." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved December 11, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/can-1

Can

Can

Avant-garde rock group

Can Debuted

Founded Inner Space Studios

Can Disbanded

Selected discography

Sources

Although the Can never boasted more than a cult following during their career, the German combo would later be acknowledged as the leading avant-garde rock band to emerge from the 1970s. Always ignoring the trends of contemporary pop music, Can desired to explore other areas of music by breaking traditionally held concepts about rock and roll. In describing the groups sound, rock historians often named Frank Zappa or the Velvet Underground as Cans closest contemporaries, but also noted that in contrast to these artists, Can created a much more serious and inaccessible style of music. Instead of recording tight pop songs or satire, stated All Music Guide contributor Stephen Thomas Erlewine, Can experimented with noise, synthesizers, nontraditional music, cut-and-paste techniques, and, most importantly, electronic music; each album marked a significant step forward from the previous album, investigating new territories that other rock bands werent interested in exploring. By the end of their career, Can, whose core members included Irmin Schmidt, Jaki Liebezeit, Michael Karoli, and Holger Czukay, had produced some of the most respected examples of experimental rock ever recorded. The groups groundbreaking, as well as challenging, music would later influence such bands as Public Image Limited, the Fall, Einsturzende Neubauten, and numerous others.

In 1968, the people of Germany felt divisions in both a political and a cultural sense. Aside from the obvious tensions resulting from the East/West split, a decentralized sense of culture prevailed that caused local fixations of various music scenes. However, the late 1960s were nonetheless rebellious, watershed years for youth culture around the world, and changes would arise, especially in music, that would also touch intellectual and artistic activity in Germany. The germ cell of a band that would make history later on as Can felt the new vibrations as well in June of 1968, when five young musicians, together searching for a new musical concept and under the spell of innovative artists such as Jimi Hendrix, the Velvet Underground, and the Mothers of Invention, held a meeting at Irmin Schmidts apartment in Cologne, West Germany.

Schmidt, a 31-year-old pianist and conductor at the time, along with a then 30-year-old double-bassist named Holger Czukay and an American flautist named David Johnson, received formal classical training in music. Schmidt and Czukay had previously studied with classical avant-garde musician Karlheinz Stockhausen. Abandoning promising careers in academia and classical pursuits to form their own avant-garde rock group, the three men enlisted one of Czukays students, then 19-year-old Michael Karoli, to play guitar. The band found a fifth member in then 30-year-old jazz percussionist and drummer Jaki Liebezeit, who nominated himself for the position after responding to Schmidts inquiry about the availability of local drummer.

Adopting the name Inner Space Productions, the group started out working within the German film industry composing and recording soundtrack music. Meanwhile, a wealthy local art patron donated the band free rehearsal and recording space at his castle, Schloss Narvenich, situated near Cologne. It was at this location that Inner Space held their first gig, an improvised show that produced a spectacular collage of rock music and tape samples. The 1968 performance was documented on a cassette tape entitled Prehistoric Future.

Can Debuted

Toward the end of 1968, a black American sculptor named Malcolm Mooney arrived in Cologne to visit Schmidt and his wife and Cans longtime manager Hildegarde. During his stay, Mooney linked up with the band as vocalist, leading the band with his intuitive drive closer to rock music. One of the first sessions with Mooney adding vocals yielded the track Father Cannot Yell. Around the same time, another lineup change occurred; Johnson, whose involvement with the band was more limited than the other members, departed in December of 1968. Shortly thereafter, Mooney and Liebezeit thought up a new name for the groupCanand

For the Record

Members include Reebop Kwaku Baah (born in Konongo, Ghana; died c. mid-1980s; former member of Traffic; joined band in 1977), percussion; Holger Czukay (born March 24, 1938, in Danzig, Germany; married artist/musician U-She; left band in 1977), bass, vocals, electronics; Rosko Gee (former member of Traffic; joined band in 1977), bass; David Johnson, flute, electronics; Michael Karoli (born April 29, 1948, in Straubing, West Germany), guitar, violin, vocals; Jaki Liebezeit (born May 26, 1938, in Dresden, Germany), drums, reeds, vocals; Malcolm Mooney (joined band in 1968, left band in 1969), vocals; Irmin Schmidt (born May 29, 1937, in Berlin, Germany; married Hildegarde), keyboards, vocals; Kenji Damo Suzuki (born January 16, 1950, in Japan; joined band in 1970, left band in 1973), vocals.

Formed band in 1968 in Cologne, West Germany; released debut album Monster Movie, 1969; released Tago Mago, founded Inner Space Studios, 1971; released Ege Bamysi, which included the German hit Spoon, 1972; had a U.K. hit with the single I Want More, 1976; dissolved band, 1979; Spoon Records released Can Box, 1999.

Addresses: Record company Mute Records, 140 W. 22nd St., Ste. 10A, New York City, NY 10011, phone: (212) 255-7670, fax: (212) 255-6056, email: mute@mute.com. Website Can at Spoon Records, http://www.spoonrecords.com.

the band began work on their debut album, 1969s Monster Movie. A unique cosmos of sound recorded with two-track technology, Monster Movie shattered numerous well-worn production and musical concepts, and introduced the Can ethic of playing and recording spontaneously against a backdrop of repetitive rhythms.

In December of 1969, Mooney, suffering from paranoia and a psychological breakdown, left the band and returned to the United States. Although his involvement with Can lasted only one year, he would be forever remembered for participating in the bands groundbreaking debut. Mooney also appeared on a few tracks for the project The Can Soundtracks (released in 1970), which featured Cans film scores from 1969 through 1970. His era was also extensively documented on the 1981 release Delay 1968, a collection of then-unreleased material. Following Mooneys departure, in May of 1970, Can invited Japanese singer Kenji Damo Suzuki to join the band when they spotted him on a street corner in Munich, Germany, one afternoon prior to a scheduled Can show. Suzuki immediately accepted Cans offer and gave an impromptu performance with the band that night. In addition to making a living as a traveling street performer, Suzuki had also worked as a cast member for the musical Hair. The extraordinary gig, a pandemonium of feedback and ingenious, chaotic noise experiments held at Munichs Blow Up club, became one of the most notable live performances in the bands history.

With Suzuki fronting the band, Can, early in 1971, recorded again on a two-track machine their second official offering, the legendary psychedelic double album Tago Mago. Released later that year and illustrating new departures for the skilled collective, the record caught the immediate attention of critics in both England and France. Describing the energy captured on Tago Mago, Mills asserted, the five-pronged Can assaultLiebezeits volcanic-but-precise cyclical drumming, Czukays impulsively jabbing bass, Karolis psychedelicised splatter guitar, Schmidts pan-topographical keyboards, Suzukis free-form vocal incantationswas further shaped by Czukays tape-editing wizardry, and the group was able to lay down lengthy jams from which to whittle its unique studio recordings.

Founded Inner Space Studios

As Tago Mago steadily earned acclaim, the band, in December of 1971, officially founded the Inner Space Studios in an old movie theater in Weilerswist, a town near Cologne. After taking up residence at Inner Space to make Tago Mago, Can recorded and produced all subsequent projects at their new studio, known as the Can Studio since 1978. In an interview with Magnet in 1989, Karoli reflected upon Cans early days and the creation of Innerspace: We were into instant creation, he recalled. Because we couldnt afford to pay studio fees, we built our own studio. We didnt have proper technology, just two microphones and not even a real mixing desk. But we got so skilled and the discipline was so tight, that we produced stuff that sounded like it was produced in a proper studio.

During the early 1970s, Can earned a reputation for their highly developed and entertaining live performances as well, creating different arrangements of songs so as not to reproduce an exact replica of a track recorded in the studio. One of Cans performances at the Cologne Sporthalle on February 3, 1972, featured vaudeville artists and other acts in addition to the groups own music. Prominent cameramen, including Martin Schaefer, Robbie Muller, and Egon Mann, were also on location, and captured the show on tape for Peter Przygoddas film Can Free Concert.

The bands third album, Ege Bamysi, released in October of 1972, included Cans first and most prominent chart success in Germany, the song Spoon, also the title track for the crime thriller Das Messer. Another substantial achievement, EgeBamysi, prompted Melody Maker that year to conclude, according to Cans website, Can are without doubt the most talented and most consistent experimental rock band in Europe, England included. In 1973, Can returned with a proto-ambient classic entitled Future Days, the last album recorded with Suzuki. Despite the bands increasing international popularity, Suzuki left the band that year to follow the religious group the Jehovahs Witnesses. After Suzukis departure, Cans music changed and the remaining members continued more or less as a quartet with Karoli taking on vocal duties at first. Later, various other singers, among them Tim Hardin, joined Can for brief interludes.

In 1974, Can released the album Limited Edition and also held the longest concert in the bands history in Berlin, lasting from eight oclock in the evening until eight thirty the next morning. That same year, the band recorded Soon Over Babaluma, an album marking the end of Cans technique of recording straight onto one track. However, this change also gave rise to new discoveries for the band, evidenced on the track Quantum Physics, Cans first entirely ambient composition. The year 1975 saw the release of the double album Unlimited Edition, an extended version of Limited Edition that included unreleased session material. For their next album of new material, 1975s Landed, Can abandoned two-track recording altogether. Although critically hailed as one of the most advanced rock units after Landeds release, Can nonetheless suffered consequences by availing themselves to newer technology.

According to the band, Cans spontaneity and creativity as a collective slowly started slipping away. In the beginning, when we only had a two-track recorder, we all had to be there together, Liebezeit told Mills. Later, we had a multi-track machine, so we didnt work together so much in the studio. One would come to the studio and do some overdubbing, and the other ones would stay home. And I think that was not good for the group. Nonetheless, the band prevailed for a while longer, and using more advanced recording methods, Can recorded the musically versatile Flow Motion (released in 1976), an album featuring David Gilmours I Want More, which became a disco hit single and reached number 30 on the British chart.

Can Disbanded

Around the same time, Czukay developed interests in non-rock instrumentation, including short-wave radios and Dictaphones as primitive samplers, and introduced such elements into Cans music. Not only did these new methods alter the groups sound, but it also necessitated that the band hire a new bass player to cover Czukays former role. Thus, the well-known rhythm duo of bassist Rosko Gee and percussionist Reebop Kwaku Baah, both former members of the band Traffic, joined Can for 1977s Saw Delight. Now retired from the bass position, Czukay for this album served as the special sounds engineer. Although Saw Delight was well-received, the records funkier sound and Czukays new musical process was at odds with the other members interests in rock music.

Consequently, Czukay departed from Can in May of 1977, and the remaining members recorded two more albums: 1978s disappointing album Out of Reach without Czukay and 1979s self-titled release, which was edited by Czukay. The group also issued in 1978 a best of Can compilation double album entitled Cannibalism. In 1979, realizing that the magic had come to an end, Can finally dissolved. The various members went on to work on solo and collaborative projects, though Czukay enjoyed the most prolific post-Can career. Can played their final show in Lisbon at the end of May of that year before a crowd of more than 10,000 fans. The original Can lineup reunited briefly in 1988 with Mooney at Karolis new studio near Nice, France, called Outer Space Studio to record another album, 1989s Rite Time. The above mentioned members, minus Czukay, came together again in 1991 at the old Can Studio to record the track Last Night Sleep for the Wim Wenders film Until the End of the World.

Meanwhile, in 1980, Schmidts wife established the Spoon labeldistributed by Mute Recordsto start reissuing the groups catalog. Because of her efforts, many of Cans records were later made available on compact disc. In 1997, the label released the remix album Sacrilege, followed in 1999 by an impressive and highly recommended box set entitled Can Box. [Can Box] was an expensive project and very difficult to organize, Hildegarde Schmidt, who worked tirelessly on the project, revealed to Mills. The hours and hours of live tapes; the video itself, which was difficult to put together; and the book, which I did with (German journalist) Wolf (Kampmann). The finished product included two live discs, a 130-minute video of concert and documentary footage, and a 500-page book with text in French, English, and German.

Selected discography

Monster Movie, United Artists, 1969; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

The Can Soundtracks, Liberty, 1979; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Tago Mago, Liberty, 1971; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Ege Bamyasi, United Artists, 1972; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Future Days, United Artists, 1973; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Limited Edition, United Artists, 1974.

Soon Over Babaluma, United Artists, 1974; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Landed, Virgin, 1975; reissued on CD, Virgin, 1987; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Unlimited Edition, Virgin, 1975; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Flow Motion, Harvest, 1976; reissued, Virgin, 1987; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Saw Delight, Virgin, 1977; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Out of Reach, EMI/Electrola, 1978; reissued Magnum/Thunderbolt, 1988.

Cannibalism: 1968-1974, United Artists, 1978; reissued, Spoon, 1980; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Can, EMI/Electrola, 1979; reissued, Magnum/Thunderbolt, 1985; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Delay 1968, Spoon, 1981; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Only You, (cassette tape), Pure Freude, 1982.

Prehistoric Future, (cassette tape), Tago Mago, 1984.

Rite Time, Phonogram, 1989; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Cannibalism 2, Spoon, 1992; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Cannibalism 3, Spoon, 1994; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Can Anthology 25 Years, Spoon, 1994; reissued on CD by Spoon/Mute.

Peel Sessions, Strange Fruit, 1995.

Radio Waves, Sonic Platten, 1997.

Sacrilege, Spoon/Mute, 1997.

Can Box, Spoon/Mute, 1999.

Sources

Periodicals

Magnet, April/May 1999, p. 87; August/September 1999, pp. 35-38.

Online

All Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com (February 17, 2000).

Can, Rolling Stone.com, http://www.rollingstone.tunes.com (February 17, 2000).

Can History, Can Site Map, http://www.spoonrecords.com/sitemap.html (February 17, 2000).

His n Listen, Third Ear +, http://www.tribeca.ios.com/jpayne/ThirdEar.html (February 17, 2000).

Holger Czukay website, http://www.czukay.de/can/index.html, (February 17, 2000).

Laura Hightower

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can

can 2 †know; (with inf.) know how, (passing into) have power, be able. One of the group of preterite-present verbs (see DARE, MAY, SHALL, WIT 2); the primary meaning was ‘have learned’, 'come to know'. OE. cunnan, OS. cunnan, OHG. kunnan (G. können), ON. kunna, Goth. kunnan. For the IE. base *ĝn- *ĝnē- *ĝnō- see KNOW. See also CON 1, CUNNING, UNCOUTH.

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"can." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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can

can 1 vessel for liquid. OE. canne, corr. to MDu. kanne (Du. kan), OHG. channa (G. kanne), ON. kanna; it is uncertain whether the word is orig. Gmc. or — late L. canna (VI), whence OF. channe, Pr. cana. OE. canne is recorded only once, after which there is no Eng. evidence till XIV, when the word was prob. introduced from the Continent.

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can

canAberfan, Adrianne, an, Anne, artisan, astrakhan, ban, began, Belmopan, bipartisan, bran, can, Cannes, Cézanne, Cheyenne, clan, courtesan, cran, dan, Dayan, Diane, divan, élan, Elan, fan, flan, foreran, Fran, Friedan, Gell-Mann, gran, Han, Hunan, Ivan, Jan, Japan, Jinan, Joanne, Kazan, Klan, Kordofan, Lacan, Lausanne, Leanne, Limousin, Louvain, man, Mann, Marianne, Milan, Moran, nan, Oran, outran, outspan, Pan, panne, parmesan, partisan, pavane, pecan, Pétain, plan, Pusan, ran, rataplan, rattan, Rosanne, Sagan, Saipan, saran, scan, scran, sedan, span, spick-and-span, Spokane, Suzanne, Tainan, tan, than, tisane, trepan, van, vin, Wuhan, Xian, Yerevan, Yunnan, Zhongshan •koan • kanban • Seremban •Cardin, Teilhard de Chardin •Rodin • Ramadan • dauphin •turbofan • Afghan • Gauguin •Callaghan

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