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phenol

phenol (fē´nōl), C6H5OH, a colorless, crystalline solid that melts at about 41°C, boils at 182°C, and is soluble in ethanol and ether and somewhat soluble in water. An aromatic alcohol, it exhibits weak acidic properties and is corrosive and poisonous. Phenol is sometimes called carbolic acid, especially when in water solution. It reacts with strong bases to form salts called phenolates. Phenol is important in industry in the production of certain artificial resins, e.g., Bakelite, and in the synthesis of many drugs, dyes, weed killers, insecticides, and explosives (e.g., picric acid). It is the simplest member of a class of hydroxy benzene derivatives, all of which contain a hydroxyl group attached to a benzene ring; these compounds may be thought of as derivatives of phenol and generically are called phenols.

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"phenol." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"phenol." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/phenol

"phenol." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/phenol

phenol

phenol Aromatic compound group whose members each have an attachment of a hydroxyl group to a carbon atom forming part of a benzene ring. The simplest of the family is also called phenol or carbolic acid (C6H5OH). Phenols are colourless liquids or white solids at room temperature. They are used by the chemical and pharmaceutical industries for such products as aspirin, dye, fungicide, explosive, and as a starting material for nylon and epoxy resin.

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"phenol." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"phenol." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/phenol

"phenol." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/phenol

phenol

phe·nol / ˈfēˌnôl; -ˌnäl/ • n. Chem. a mildly acidic toxic white crystalline solid, C6H5OH, obtained from coal tar and used in chemical manufacture, and in dilute form (under the name carbolic) as a disinfectant. ∎  any compound with a hydroxyl group linked directly to a benzene ring. DERIVATIVES: phe·no·lic / fiˈnälik/ adj.

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"phenol." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"phenol." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol

"phenol." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol

phenol

phenol (carbolic acid) (fee-nol) n. a strong disinfectant, derivatives of which (phenolics) are used for disinfecting the skin before surgery. oily p. an irritant substance administered by injection for sclerotherapy of haemorrhoids.

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"phenol." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"phenol." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol

phenol

phenol (chem.) hydroxyl derivative of benzene, carbolic acid. XIX. — F. phénole, f. phène benzene; see -OL.

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"phenol." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"phenol." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol-0

"phenol." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol-0

phenol

phenol An aromatic compound that bears one or more hydroxyl groups.

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"phenol." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"phenol." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol-0

"phenol." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol-0

phenol

phenol An aromatic compound that bears 1 or more hydroxyl groups.

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"phenol." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"phenol." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol

"phenol." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved June 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/phenol