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bitumen

bitumen. Type of mineral pitch used for mortar, and waterproofing, similar to as-phalt(e), called bitumen judaicum.

2. Natural pitchy substance similar to tar consisting mostly of hydrocarbons varying in colour and hardness, which melts when heated and sets hard. When it is mixed (either naturally occurring or artificially) with limestone, shale, etc., it is called rock asphalt and has been used for road-surfacing from the late C18.

Bibliography

W. McKay (1957)

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"bitumen." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen

"bitumen." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen

bitumen

bitumen (bĬtyōō´mən) a generic term referring to flammable, brown or black mixtures of tarlike hydrocarbons, derived naturally or by distillation from petroleum. It can be in the form of a viscous oil to a brittle solid, including asphalt, tars, and natural mineral waxes. Substances containing bitumens are called bituminous, e.g., bituminous coal, tar, or pitch.

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"bitumen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bitumen

"bitumen." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bitumen

bitumen

bitumen (asphalt) Material used for roadmaking and for proofing timber against rot. It consists of a mixture of hydrocarbons and other organic chemical compounds. Some bitumen occurs naturally in pitch lakes, notably in Trinidad. The material is also made by distilling tar from coal or wood.

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"bitumen." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bitumen

"bitumen." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bitumen

bitumen

bi·tu·men / biˈt(y)oōmən; bī-/ • n. a black viscous mixture of hydrocarbons obtained naturally or as a residue from petroleum distillation. It is used for road surfacing and roofing. DERIVATIVES: bi·tu·mi·nous adj.

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"bitumen." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen-0

"bitumen." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen-0

Bitumen

Bitumen

Bitumen was greatly used in magical practices. Images for the purpose of sympathetic magic were often made of this sub-stance, and it was also used in ceremonies for the cleansing of houses in which any uncleanness had appearedbeing spread on the floor like clay.

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"Bitumen." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Bitumen." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bitumen

bitumen

bitumen Naturally occurring, inflammable, solid or semi-solid hydrocarbons, black or dark brown in colour, with characteristic pitch odour, and burning with a smoky flame. Group name for asphalts, mineral waxes, and related substances.

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"bitumen." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen

"bitumen." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen

bitumen

bitumen XV. — L.
So bituminous XVII. — F. bitumineux — L. bitūminōsus.

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"bitumen." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen-1

"bitumen." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen-1

bitumen

bitumenexamine, famine, gamin •admin • jasmine • Yasmin • Brahmin •women • specimen • madwomen •clanswomen • charwomen •craftswomen • draughtswomen •gentlewomen • Welshwomen •Frenchwomen •airwomen, chairwomen •laywomen • stateswomen •saleswomen • policewomen •kinswomen • Englishwomen •businesswomen • Irishwomen •congresswomen • countrywomen •jurywomen • servicewomen •tribeswomen •Scotswomen, yachtswomen •forewomen • horsewomen •sportswomen • oarswomen •councilwomen • townswomen •noblewomen • spokeswomen •frontierswomen • alderwomen •anchorwomen • washerwomen •Ulsterwomen • churchwomen •catechumen, illumine, lumen •bitumen •albumen, albumin •Duralumin • cumin • Benjamin •theremin • vitamin •determine, ermine, vermin

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"bitumen." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"bitumen." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen

"bitumen." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bitumen