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Xenon

Xenon


melting point: 111.79°C
boiling point: 108.12°C
density: No data available
most common ions: HXeO 4, HXeO 63

Xenon (its name derived from the Greek word xenos, meaning "strange"), is the heaviest of the noble gases . Discovered in 1898 in London by Sir William Ramsay and Morris Travers while engaged in their investigations of liquid air, xenon accounts for less than 1 ppm of the volume of Earth's atmosphere. It is present in the Sun and in the atmospheres of Mars, Venus, and Mercury.

At room temperature xenon is a colorless, odorless gas. Upon freezing it forms a crystal with a face-centered cubic structure. The chief application of xenon gas is its use in various kinds of lamps. In an electric discharge

tube it produces a blue glow. Liquid xenon is used in some particle detectors that are used in space-based research.

Unlike the lighter noble gases, xenon is not produced by nucleosynthesis within stars. It is made during supernova explosions. It is also formed on Earth through radioactive decay (e.g., of iodine-135) and in fission reactions, and it is sometimes found in gases emitted from mineral springs. It has nine stable isotopes , of which xenon-129 and xenon-132 are the most abundant (26.4% and 26.9%, respectively).

Also, unlike the lighter noble gases, which are inert, xenon is able to form compounds, mostly with oxygen and fluorine.

see also Noble Gases.

Richard Mowat

Bibliography

Lide, David R., ed. (1996). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 77th edition. Cleveland: Chemical Rubber Company Press.

Internet Resources

Jefferson National Laboratory. Available from <http://education.jlab.org/glossary/abund_atmos.html>.

NASA's Cosmic and Helioscopic Learning Center. Available from <http://helios.gsfc.nasa.gov/nucleo.html>.

"The Nobel Lecture of Sir William Ramsay." Nobel e-Museum. Available from <http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1904/ramsay-lecture.html>.

WebElements Periodic Table. Available from <http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements>.

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"Xenon." Chemistry: Foundations and Applications. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Xenon." Chemistry: Foundations and Applications. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/xenon

"Xenon." Chemistry: Foundations and Applications. . Retrieved July 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/xenon

Xe

Xe • symb. the chemical element xenon.

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"Xe." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Xe." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/xe-0

"Xe." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved July 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/xe-0

Xe

Xe, symbol for the element xenon.

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"Xe." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Xe." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/xe

"Xe." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/xe

Xe

Xe Chem., symbol for xenon

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"Xe." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Xe." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Retrieved July 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/xe