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silicon

silicon (symbol Si) Common, grey, nonmetallic element of group IV of the periodic table. Silicon is found only in combinations, such as silica and silicate. It is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust (27.7% by weight). Silicon chips are extensively used in microprocessors. It was discovered in 1823 by Swedish chemist J. J. Berzelius. Properties: at.no. 14; r.a.m. 28.086; r.d. 2.33; m.p. 1410°C (2570°F); b.p. 2355°C (4271°F); most common isotope Si28 (98.21%).

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Periodic Table of the Elements: Silicon

Periodic Table of the Elements: Silicon

Periodic Table of the Elements: Silicon
Atomic Number: 14
Atomic Symbol: Si
  Silicon
Atomic Weight: [28.084; 28.086]
Electron Configuration: 2 · 8 · 4

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"Periodic Table of the Elements: Silicon." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Periodic Table of the Elements: Silicon." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/periodic-table-elements-silicon

"Periodic Table of the Elements: Silicon." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/periodic-table-elements-silicon