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autotroph

autotroph (ôt´ətrōf´), in biology, an organism capable of synthesizing its own organic substances from inorganic compounds. Autotrophs produce their own sugars, lipids, and amino acids using carbon dioxide as a source of carbon, and ammonia or nitrates as a source of nitrogen. Organisms that use light for the energy to synthesize organic compounds are called photosynthetic autotrophs; organisms that oxidize such compounds as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) to obtain energy are called chemosynthetic autotrophs, or chemotrophs. Photosynthetic autotrophs include the green plants, certain algae, and the pigmented sulfur bacteria (see photosynthesis). Chemotrophs include the iron bacteria, the nitrifying bacteria, and the nonpigmented sulfur bacteria (see chemosynthesis). Heterotrophs are organisms that must obtain their energy from organic compounds.

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"autotroph." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"autotroph." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/autotroph

"autotroph." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/autotroph

autotroph

autotroph An organism that uses carbon dioxide as its main or sole source of carbon. Compare heterotroph.

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"autotroph." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"autotroph." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/autotroph

"autotroph." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved May 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/autotroph

autotroph

autotroph An organism that uses carbon dioxide as its main or sole source of carbon. Compare HETEROTROPH.

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"autotroph." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"autotroph." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/autotroph-0

"autotroph." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved May 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/autotroph-0

autotroph

autotroph An organism that uses carbon dioxide as its main or sole source of carbon. Compare HETEROTROPH.

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"autotroph." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"autotroph." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/autotroph-1

"autotroph." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved May 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/autotroph-1