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Shekhinah

Shekhinah (Heb., ‘dwelling’). The divine presence as described in Jewish literature. The Shekhinah is sometimes used to refer to God himself, but generally it signifies God's presence in this world. It is frequently associated with light. Later Jewish philosophers were concerned to avoid anthropomorphism and therefore tended to maintain that the Shekhinah does not refer to God himself, but is an independent created intermediary. Thus Saʿadiah Gaon argued that the Shekhinah is the same as the glory of God which was seen by the prophets in visions.

In Islam, sakīna is supreme peace sent by God to dwell in human lives (e.g. Qurʾān 48. 4). In 2. 248, it refers to the Ark of the Covenant. But in general Islam resisted any localization of the transcendent power of God.

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