Skip to main content

Merry del Val, Rafael

Rafael Merry del Val (räfäĕl´ mā´rē dĕl väl), 1865–1930, Spanish prelate, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, b. London. He was educated for the priesthood and ordained at Rome (1888). He was secretary of the pontifical commission that studied the validity of Anglican orders (1897). He went as apostolic delegate to Canada (1897) on the occasion of the closing of Catholic and private schools in Manitoba. In 1903, Pius X created him cardinal and made him papal secretary of state; in that office he was said to have increased the bitterness between France and the Holy See. Benedict XV made him archpriest of St. Peter's and secretary of the Congregation of the Holy Office. He was a coworker with Cardinal Gasparri in the negotiations leading to the Lateran Treaty.

See his diary ed. by F. J. Weber (1964); biography by M. B. Quinn (1958).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Merry del Val, Rafael." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Merry del Val, Rafael." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/merry-del-val-rafael

"Merry del Val, Rafael." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/merry-del-val-rafael

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.