Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau (frī´bŏŏrk Ĭm brīs´gou), city (1994 pop. 197,380), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, near the Rhine River and at the edge of the Black Forest. Freiburg is a tourist and conference center, and also a major trading center for wine and timber. Freiburg was founded in 1120 and passed, with the rest of the Breisgau, to the Hapsburgs in 1368. In the Thirty Years War (1618–48) the Bavarians and Austrians were defeated there (1644) by the French under Turenne and Louis II de Condé. The French held Freiburg from 1677 to 1697 and again (1744–48) during the War of the Austrian Succession. In 1805 the city passed to Baden. Freiburg is famous as a cultural center and is the seat of a noted university (founded 1457) and of a number of museums. The city has been an archiepiscopal see since 1821 and has a splendid Gothic cathedral (begun in the 13th cent.), with a high (380 ft/116 m) tower.
"Freiburg im Breisgau." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/freiburg-im-breisgau
"Freiburg im Breisgau." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/freiburg-im-breisgau
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.