Lee Bontecou (bŏn´təkōō), 1931–, American artist, b. Providence, R.I. Bontecou is best known for the abstract sculptures she created from 1959–1967, three-dimensional wall reliefs made of weathered canvas stretched over steel wire armatures. Their large, thrusting, roughly concentric shapes converge in one or more yawning and seemingly endless black holes, giving many a menacing quality. The largest piece in this style is a lobby relief at Lincoln Center's New York State Theatre. During this period she also produced a number of powerful drawings, often executed in velvety black soot on paper. In 1971, Bontecou had her last 20th-century show in New York and largely vanished from the city art scene. Living mostly in rural Pennsylvania and teaching art (1971–91) at Brooklyn College, she created vacuum-formed plastic fish and flowers in the 1970s and began working in a new style in 1980. Her latest constructions, some of them mobiles, are forceful yet delicate and range from inches to several feet in size. Made of steel wire and mesh with elements of metal and porcelain and containing flashes of subtle color, many include references to animal parts (beaks, eyes, fins) within an abstract framework. These pieces were not seen by the public until many appeared, along with earlier works, in a 2003–04 retrospective organized by Chicago's Museum of Contemporary Art.
See E. Smith and R. Storr, Lee Bontecou: A Retrospective of Sculpture and Drawing, 1958–2000 (2003).
"Bontecou, Lee." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bontecou-lee
"Bontecou, Lee." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bontecou-lee
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.