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Notoungulata

Notoungulata (cohort Ferungulata, superorder Protoungulata) An extinct order of ungulates that, apart from one Lower Eocene representative from N. America and a well-established representative from the late Palaeocene of eastern Asia, are exclusively S. American. They flourished on that continent during the Oligocene and survived to the Pleistocene, evolving into many forms. Their dentition was complete and the tympanic bulla was large, the structure of the ear being different from all other mammals. They were mesaxonic, many of them possessing only three digits. Some had claws, but others appear to have possessed hoofs, though none achieved an unguligrade gait. Some later forms became large. Toxodon, which may have been the most common large ungulate during the S. American Pleistocene, was about 2.75 m long, had a massive head, and hind legs that were much longer than the forelegs. In life it may have looked like a very large guinea-pig. In addition there were the homalodotheres, which resembled the Chalicotheriidae (the so-called “clawed horses’), and a range of large and small rodent-like animals referred to as hypotheres.

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"Notoungulata." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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ungulate

ungulate Mammal with hoofed feet. Most ungulates, including cattle, sheep, pigs and deer, are members of the order Artiodactyla (with an even number of toes). The order Perissodactyla (ungulates with an odd number of toes) consists of horses, tapirs, and rhinoceroses. The orders Proboscidea and Hyracoidea, collectively known as sub-ungulates, contain elephants and hyraxes.

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"ungulate." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"ungulate." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ungulate

"ungulate." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ungulate

ungulate

un·gu·late / ˈənggyələt; -ˌlāt/ • n. Zool. a hoofed mammal of the former order Ungulata, now divided into two unrelated orders (see Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla). See also even-toed ungulate, odd-toed ungulate.

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"ungulate." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"ungulate." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate-0

"ungulate." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate-0

ungulate

ungulate
1. Any hoofed, grazing mammal, which usually is also adapted for running. Hoofed mammals occur in several mammalian groups (Mammalia), and the term ‘ungulate’ no longer has any formal taxonomic use.

2. Hoof-shaped.

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"ungulate." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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ungulate

ungulate
1. Any hoofed, grazing mammal, which is usually also adapted for running. Hoofed mammals occur in several mammalian groups, and the term ‘ungulate’ no longer has any formal taxonomic use.

2. Hoof-shaped.

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"ungulate." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"ungulate." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate-0

ungulate

ungulate
1. Any hoofed, grazing mammal, which usually is also adapted for running. Hoofed mammals occur in several mammalian groups, and the term ‘ungulate’ no longer has any formal taxonomic use.

2. Hoof-shaped.

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"ungulate." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate-1

ungulate

ungulate A herbivorous mammal with hoofed feet (see unguligrade). Ungulates are grouped into two orders: Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla.

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"ungulate." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"ungulate." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate-2

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ungulate

ungulate hoof-shaped, hoofed. XIX. — lateL. ungulātus, f. ungula claw, hoof, f. unguis NAIL; see -ULE, -ATE2.

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"ungulate." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"ungulate." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate-1

ungulate

ungulatebraggart, faggot (US fagot), maggot •legate •bigot, gigot, Piggott, spigot •ingot • profligate • aggregate • yogurt •conjugate • abrogate • surrogate •ergot, virgate •Bagehot • patriarchate • wainscot •Sickert • predicate • syndicate •certificate, pontificate •Calicut • delicate • silicate • triplicate •duplicate, quadruplicate •intricate • Connecticut • Alcott •ducat • advocate •ballot, palate •charlotte, harlot •appellate, Helot, prelate, zealot •flagellate • distillate •Pilate, pilot •copilot • gyropilot • autopilot •triangulate •ejaculate, immaculate •amulet • spatulate •articulate, denticulate •consulate, proconsulate •postulate • ungulate •inviolate, ultraviolet •chocolate • cardinalate • desolate •isolate • disconsolate • Merlot

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"ungulate." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"ungulate." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 15, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate

"ungulate." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved December 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ungulate