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Pterobranchia

Pterobranchia (phylum Hemichordata) Class of minute, fixed, colonial, deep-sea organisms which secrete an external cuticular skeleton in which they are housed (e.g. Rhabdopleura). Pterobranchs may be the nearest living relatives of the graptolites (Graptolithina). The mesosoma is small but carries one or more pairs of arms bearing tentacles (the lophophores). The metasoma consists of a long stalk (peduncle) by which the individual is attached. The branchial apparatus is rudimentary.

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"Pterobranchia." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pterobranchia." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pterobranchia

"Pterobranchia." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pterobranchia

Pterobranchia

Pterobranchia (phylum Hemichordata) A class, or perhaps a full phylum, of minute, fixed, colonial, deep-sea organisms which secrete an external cuticular skeleton in which they are housed. The mesosoma is small but carries one or more pair of arms bearing tentacles (the lophophores). The metasoma consists of a long peduncle by which the individual is attached. The branchial apparatus is rudimentary.

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"Pterobranchia." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pterobranchia." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pterobranchia-0

"Pterobranchia." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pterobranchia-0