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australopithecines

australopithecines Literally, ‘southern apes’, early members of the human lineage that lived from about 4 to about 1 million years ago in Africa. The so-called ‘robust australopithecines’ are nowadays placed in a separate genus, Paranthropus. The other (‘gracile’) australopithecines are also a very diverse group of species, some very primitive and perhaps ancestral to all later hominins, others probably specialized sidelines. The species usually recognized are Australopithecus anamensis (3.9–4.1 million years BP) and A. afarensis (3.75–3.0 million years BP) from East Africa, A. bahrelghazali (about 3.4–3.0 million years BP) from West Africa, and A. africanus (about 3.0–2.4 million years BP) from South Africa. Probably some of these species should be placed in different genera.

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"australopithecines." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"australopithecines." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/australopithecines

"australopithecines." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/australopithecines

australopithecines

australopithecines Literally, ‘southern apes’, early members of the human lineage that lived from about 4 to about 1 million years ago in Africa. The so-called ‘robust australopithecines’ are nowadays placed in a separate genus, Paranthropus. The other (‘gracile’) australopithecines are also a very diverse group of species, some very primitive and perhaps ancestral to all later hominids, others probably specialized sidelines. The species usually recognized are Australopithecus anamensis (3.9–4.1 million years BP) and A. afarensis (3.75–3.0 million years BP) from E. Africa, A. bahrelghazali (about 3.4–3.0 million years BP) from W. Africa, and A. africanus (about 3.0–2.4 million years BP) from S. Africa. Probably some of these species should be placed in different genera.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"australopithecines." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"australopithecines." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/australopithecines-0

"australopithecines." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/australopithecines-0