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annual

annual, plant that germinates from seed, blossoms, produces seed, and dies within one year. Annuals propagate themselves by seed only, unlike many biennials and perennials. They are thus especially suited to environments that have a short growing season. Cultivated annuals are usually considered to be of three general types: tender, half-hardy, and hardy. Tender and half-hardy annuals do not mature and blossom in one ordinary temperate growing season unless they are started early under glass and are set outdoors as young plants. Hardy annuals are usually sown where they are expected to bloom. Quite often they reseed themselves year after year. Blooming is prolonged by cutting the flowers before the seeds can form. Typical annual flowers are cosmos, larkspur, petunia, and zinnia; annual vegetables include corn, tomatoes, and wheat.

See H. G. W. Fogg, Dictionary of Annual Plants (new ed. 1972).

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"annual." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/annual

"annual." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/annual

annual

an·nu·al / ˈanyoōəl/ • adj. occurring once every year: the union's annual conference. ∎  calculated over or covering a period of a year: annual accounts. ∎  (of a plant) living for a year or less, perpetuating itself by seed: annual flowers. • n. a book or magazine that is published once a year under the same title but with different contents. ∎  an annual plant. DERIVATIVES: an·nu·al·ly adv.

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"annual." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-0

"annual." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-0

annual

annual Applied to a plant that completes its life cycle (from germination to flowering to seed production and the death of vegetative parts) within a single growing season. See also therophyte. Compare biennial; ephemeral; and perennial.

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"annual." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual

"annual." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual

annual

annual Applied to a plant that completes its life cycle (from germination to flowering to seed production and the death of vegetative parts) within a single growing season. Compare BIENNIAL; EPHEMERAL; and PERENNIAL; see also THEROPHYTE.

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"annual." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-0

"annual." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-0

annual

annual A plant that completes its life cycle in one year, during which time it germinates, flowers, produces seeds, and dies. Examples are the sunflower and marigold. Compare biennial; ephemeral; perennial.

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"annual." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-1

"annual." A Dictionary of Biology. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-1

annual

annual Plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season, such as the sweet pea, sunflower, and wheat. Annual plants overwinter as seeds. See also biennial; perennial

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"annual." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/annual

"annual." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/annual

annual

annual XIV. ME. annuel — (O)F. — late L. annuālis, for L. annuus and annālis, f. annus year; see -AL1.

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"annual." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"annual." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-1

"annual." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual-1

annual

annualdenial, dial, espial, Lyall, mistrial, myall, Niall, phial, trial, vial, viol •sundial •knawel, withdrawal •avowal, Baden-Powell, bowel, disembowel, dowel, Howell, Powell, rowel, towel, trowel, vowel •semivowel •bestowal, koel, Lowell, Noel •loyal, royal, viceroyal •accrual, construal, crewel, cruel, dual, duel, fuel, gruel, jewel, newel, renewal, reviewal •eschewal •artefactual (US artifactual), contractual, factual, tactual •perpetual •aspectual, effectual, intellectual •conceptual, perceptual •contextual, textual •habitual, ritual •conflictual • instinctual • spiritual •mutual • punctual • virtual • casual •audio-visual, televisual, visual •usual • gradual • individual •menstrual • actual •asexual, bisexual, heterosexual, homosexual, psychosexual, sexual, transsexual, unisexual •accentual, conventual, eventual •Samuel •annual, biannual, Emanuel, Emmanuel, manual •Lemuel •consensual, sensual •continual

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"annual." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"annual." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/annual