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Pentastomida

Pentastomida (pĕn´təstō´mə), tongue worms, small phylum of fewer than 100 species of parasites living in the upper respiratory passages of reptiles, and occasionally of birds and mammals. They are closely related to arthropods, but zoologists disagree as to their exact placement in that phylum. Recent evidence indicates a possible origin from parasitic crustaceans. The tapering wormlike body, varying in length from 1/2 in. to 5 in. (1.3–13 cm), is unsegmented. The front of the body bears five short appendages; one bears the mouth, the other four attach to host tissues. Internal organs are much reduced, except the reproductive organs, which occupy most of the internal space. Eggs are released by the mature pentastomids and hatch when eaten by a suitable intermediate host. When the intermediate host, in turn, is eaten, the larvae migrate to the respiratory passages of the final host, where they take up permanent residence and mature.

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"Pentastomida." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Pentastomida

Pentastomida (Linguatulida, tongue worms) A phylum, or subphylum in the phylum Lobopodia of about 90 species of organisms that live parasitically (parasitism) in the lungs and nasal passages of vertebrates, mainly reptiles but also birds and mammals. They are worm-like, 2–13 cm long, with five anterior protuberances (hence the name ‘pentastomid’, ‘five mouths). Four of these protuberances are leg-like, and the central one bears the mouth.

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"Pentastomida." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pentastomida." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pentastomida

"Pentastomida." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pentastomida