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Nantucket

NANTUCKET

NANTUCKET. An island twenty-five miles south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Nantucket was first explored in 1602 by Bartholomew Gosnold and settled by English Quakers in 1659 with permission of the native Wampanoag people. Poor soil led colonists after 1670 to fishing, whaling, and raising sheep. Deep-sea vessels made possible long cruises hunting whales in the Atlantic Ocean and after 1790 in the Pacific Ocean. Nantucket enterprise and hardihood also led to profitable trade in Asia, Polynesia, and South America. By 1842 the island fleet had grown to eighty-six ships that went on whaling voyages lasting as long as six years. However, the California gold rush, the discovery of petroleum, and the Civil War contributed to the decline of Nantucket whaling. In 1869 the last whaling ship cleared port and brought to a close a brilliant chapter in American economic history.

After the Civil War the sandy beaches, good fishing, and picturesque bluffs of Nantucket brought it a new reputation as an artist colony and summer resort, and tourism became its principal industry. The painter Eastman Johnson depicted the landscape in a memorable series dealing with cranberry picking on the island in 1870– 1880. The town of Nantucket, incorporated in 1687, has many historic features, including cobblestone streets, fine nineteenth-century homes, and a whaling museum. The population by 2000 increased to 9,520.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Gambee, Robert. Nantucket Island. 2d ed. New York: Norton, 1993.

Schneider, Paul. The Enduring Shore: A History of Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket. New York: Henry Holt, 2000.

Peter C.Holloran

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"Nantucket." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Nantucket." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved July 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/nantucket

Nantucket

Nantucket (năntŭk´Ĭt), island, c.14 mi (23 km) long, from 3 to 6 mi (4.8–9.6 km) wide, SE Mass., lying c.25 mi (40 km) S of Cape Cod, from which it is separated by Nantucket Sound. Muskeget Channel is located between Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard to the west. Exhibiting evidence of glaciation (terminal moraine, outwash plain), Nantucket has sandy beaches and low, rolling hills composed of sand and gravel. It is sparsely vegetated; wild cranberries, heather, and wild roses predominate. Nantucket and the small adjacent islands constitute both Nantucket town and Nantucket co. Settled in 1659, the island was part of New York from 1660 to 1692, when it was ceded to Massachusetts. Nantucket was a major whaling port until the decline of the industry (c.1850), and it later developed into a well-known resort and artists' colony. The village of Nantucket is the trade center of the island and is known for its many old houses. The island has a whaling museum and an 18th-century windmill. The first U.S. lightship station (est. 1856) is located near Nantucket.

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Nantucket

Nantucket an island off the coast of Massachusetts, south of Cape Cod and east of Martha's Vineyard. First visited by the English in 1602, it was settled by the Quakers in 1659, and was an important whaling centre in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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"Nantucket." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Nantucket

Nantucket •adit •bandit, pandit •accredit, credit, edit, subedit •Chindit • conduit •audit, plaudit •pundit • refit • misfit • benefit •profit, prophet, soffit •forfeit • outfit • Tophet • photofit •buffet, tuffet •comfit • counterfeit • surfeit • agate •margate, target •frigate • Tlingit • hogget •drugget, nugget •Brigitte • gadget • eejit •Bridget, digit, fidget, midget, widget •budget •Blackett, bracket, jacket, packet, placket, racket •blanket • gasket • bedjacket •straitjacket • lifejacket • leatherjacket •downmarket, market, upmarket •basket, casket •breadbasket • Euromarket •Newmarket • hypermarket •Becket, Beckett •cricket, midwicket, picket, picquet, piquet, pricket, snicket, thicket, ticket, wicket •trinket •biscuit, brisket, frisket •identikit •brocket, crocket, Crockett, docket, locket, pocket, rocket, socket, sprocket •airpocket • pickpocket • skyrocket •toolkit •bucket, Nantucket, tucket •Blunkett, junket •musket • rust bucket •circuit, short-circuit

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