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Jersey

Jersey

Basic Data
Official Country Name: Jersey
Region: Europe
Population: 88,915
Language(s): English, French, Norman-French
Literacy Rate: NA

The largest of the British Channel Islands, Jersey has benefited from its status as a dependency of the British Crown and from its location between Great Britain and France. During the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, a significant immigration of Calvinists made their way to the island from France, bringing with them a typical Calvinist emphasis on education. This period saw the establishment of schools in each of the island's 12 parishes and support for islanders seeking education at Oxford. Another wave of immigration from France following the revolution and Napoleonic period brought significant numbers of members of teaching religious orders to Jersey.

In 1995 the average cost per student at government schools stood at 2,783 pounds or 702 pounds per resident. Due to the island's income tax rate, which stands significantly below that of England, Jersey has experienced a significant influx of affluent residents without a corresponding rise in school enrollments. This disparity has led to positive funding for the educational system.

The schools in Jersey follow the model of the United Kingdom in most respects, including drawing on the U.K. National Curriculum. Education is divided between primary and secondary schools. The island's Department of Education reported an enrollment of 11,830 pupils in the primary and secondary schools in 1996 with a student-teacher ratio of 19.2:1 in the primary and 12.9:1 in the secondary schools. In recent years roughly 75 percent of Jersey students have completed the secondary course of education.

Highlands College provides vocational education for more than 8,000 students annually. The government also provides grant aid to students pursuing higher education in Britain. During the 1990s the number of students receiving grant aid increased by more than 70 percent, averaging more than 1,200 students each year by the end of the decade.


Mark Browning

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"Jersey." World Education Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Jersey." World Education Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

"Jersey." World Education Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

Jersey

Jersey

Basic Data

Official Country Name: Jersey
Region (Map name): Europe
Population: 88,915
Language(s): English, French, Norman-French
Literacy rate: N/A

Jersey is the largest and southernmost of the Channel Islands, which lie northwest of France in the English Channel. Along with the other Channel Islands, it once belonged to the medieval Dukedom of Normandy and was the only British soil occupied by Nazi troops. Because Jersey is a British crown dependency, the chief of state is the British Monarch. A London-appointed Lieutenant Governor heads the government and presides over a unicameral Assembly of the States. The population of Jersey is nearly 89,000. The official languages are English and French, but a Norman-French dialect is widely spoken in rural districts. Jersey is most widely known for its signature breed of dairy cattle that contribute to the export of milk products, but financial services in fact comprise the greatest contributor to the island's economy. Tourism also plays an important role, as does agriculture, especially flowers.

Citizens of Jersey enjoy the press and speech freedoms of England. The Jersey Evening Post is the only newspaper published in Jersey. Founded in 1890 as the Evening Post, the English-language publication is now part of the Guiton Group, a media company with interests throughout the Channel Islands. The Jersey Evening Post publishes Monday through Saturday; daily circulation is approximately 23,000 and it is available online.

There is one FM radio station and one television station.

Bibliography

"Jersey," CIA World Fact Book (2001). Available from http://www.cia.gov.

"History of the JEP," Jersey Evening Post (2002). Available from http://www.jerseyeveningpost.com.

Jenny B. Davis

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"Jersey." World Press Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Jersey." World Press Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/media/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

"Jersey." World Press Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/media/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

Jersey

Jersey (jûr´zē), island (2005 est. pop. 90,800), 45 sq mi (117 sq km), in the English Channel, largest of the Channel Islands, which are dependencies of the British crown. It is 15 mi (24 km) from the Normandy coast of France and SE of Guernsey. Saint Helier, the capital, is on St. Aubin's Bay. The mild climate (plants requiring subtropical conditions grow without protection), the moderate rainfall (30–35 in./76–89 cm), and the scenery have contributed to make Jersey, like other Channel Islands, a vacation resort. The soil is generally fertile, and large quantities of vegetables (especially potatoes, tomatoes, and broccoli) and fruits are raised. Cattle raising and dairying (Jersey cattle) are also important, as is light industry. The inhabitants are mostly of Norman descent; English, French, and a Norman dialect are spoken. The Jersey Zoological Park was founded in 1959 to protect endangered animals.

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"Jersey." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Jersey." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

"Jersey." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

jersey

jer·sey / ˈjərzē/ • n. (pl. -seys) 1. a knitted garment with long sleeves worn over the upper body. ∎  a distinctive shirt worn by a player or competitor in certain sports. ∎  a soft, fine knitted fabric. 2. (Jersey) an animal of a breed of light brown dairy cattle from Jersey.

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"jersey." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"jersey." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jersey-0

"jersey." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jersey-0

Jersey

Jersey Largest of the Channel Islands, lying c.16km (10 mi) off the nw coast of Normandy in France; the capital is St Helier. It is administered as a bailiwick. Fruit and dairy farming (Jersey cattle) form the basis of the economy. Area: 117sq km (45sq mi). Pop. (1996) 85,200.

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"Jersey." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Jersey." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

"Jersey." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jersey

jersey

jersey (Jersey) worsted XVI; knitted close-fitting tunic XIX. Name of the largest of the Channel Islands, in which the knitting of worsted articles was a staple industry.

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"jersey." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"jersey." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jersey-1

"jersey." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jersey-1

jersey

jerseybluesy, boozy, choosy, doozy, floozie, jacuzzi, medusae, newsy, oozy, Pusey, snoozy, Susie, Uzi, woozy •woodsy • Wolsey • jalousie •fuzzy, muzzy, scuzzy •sudsy • clumsy • klutzy •durzi, furzy, jersey, kersey, Mersey •Guernsey

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"jersey." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"jersey." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jersey