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Dorchester (town, England)

Dorchester (dôr´chĬstər), town (1991 pop. 13,734), county seat of Dorset, S central England. Dorchester is a busy agricultural market, especially for sheep and lambs. Printing, leatherworking, brewing, and the manufacture of agricultural machinery are important industries. Nearby is Maiden Castle, a fortification originally built in prehistoric times. In Roman times, Dorchester was called Durnovaria; Maumbury Rings, another pre-Roman site, was used by the Romans as an amphitheater. Baron Jeffreys of Wem held his Bloody Assizes in the town in 1685. It was also the site of the 1834 trial of the "Tolpuddle Martyrs," important in the history of British trade unionism. Thomas Hardy lived in Dorchester, which is the "Casterbridge" of his Wessex novels.

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"Dorchester (town, England)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Dorchester (town, England)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dorchester-town-england

Dorchester

Dorchester (Dorset). Civitas-capital of the Durotriges. Lying near the Iron Age hill-fort of Maiden castle, Durnovaria may have succeeded a base of legio II Augusta. A large bath-house lay in the south-eastern part of the town and the amphitheatre lay to the south, reusing the site of a Neolithic henge monument, Maumbury Rings. Earthen defences enclosing an area of c.75 acres constructed in the late 2nd cent. were refurbished in stone in the 3rd. Of the 3rd and 4th cents. were well-appointed houses and the large western cemetery at Poundbury, which may have been Christian.

Alan Simon Esmonde Cleary

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"Dorchester." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Dorchester." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dorchester

"Dorchester." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dorchester

Dorchester (town, United States)

Dorchester, Mass.: see Boston.

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"Dorchester (town, United States)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Dorchester (town, United States)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dorchester-town-united-states

Dorchester

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"Dorchester." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Dorchester." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dorchester