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Jhelum (river, India and Pakistan)

Jhelum or Jehlam (both: jā´ləm), westernmost of the five rivers of the Punjab, 480 mi (772 km) long. Rising in Jammu and Kashmir, India, it flows W through the Vale of Kashmir, S through Pakistan-occupied foothills, then SW across Punjab to the Chenab River. The Lower Jhelum Canal (opened 1901) and the Upper Jhelum Canal (1915) irrigate extensive areas of Pakistani Punjab. The Mangla Dam and Reservoir (1960) has greatly improved irrigation along the river's lower course, as well as supplying extensive hydroelectric power. The Jhelum was crossed in 326 BC by Alexander the Great, who defeated the Indian king Porus. The river's ancient name was Hydaspes.

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"Jhelum (river, India and Pakistan)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Jhelum (river, India and Pakistan)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 10, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jhelum-river-india-and-pakistan

Jhelum (town, Pakistan)

Jhelum (jā´lŏŏm), town (1981 pop. 92,646), NE Pakistan, on the Jhelum River. Located on the main railroad and road on Punjab piedmont plain, it is an important market for timber, and has sawmills and plywood, textile, cigarette, and glass industries. An army supply corps training center and two colleges are also in the town. The area's history dates back at least to the 3d cent. BC Old Jhelum stood on the left bank of the river; boatmen crossed the river (c.1532) and founded the new town on the right bank.

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"Jhelum (town, Pakistan)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Jhelum (town, Pakistan)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 10, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jhelum-town-pakistan

Jhelum

Jhelum a river which rises in the Himalayas and flows through the Vale of Kashmir into Punjab. It is one of the five rivers that gave Punjab its name. In ancient times it was called the Hydaspes.

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"Jhelum." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Jhelum." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jhelum

"Jhelum." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved December 10, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/jhelum