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Timor

Timor (tē´môr) [Malay,=east], island (1990 est. pop. 3,900,000), c.13,200 sq mi/34,200 sq km, largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sundas, in the Malay Archipelago. Timor is divided politically between Indonesia and East Timor (Timor-Leste). The island is long, narrow, and almost wholly mountainous. Rice, coconuts, and coffee are grown, and stretches of grassland support cattle. There are oil and gas fields off East Timor's southern coast. The inhabitants are of predominantly Malay and Papuan descent.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish themselves in Timor; their claim to the island was disputed by the Dutch, who arrived in 1613. By a treaty of 1859, modified in 1893 and finally made effective in 1914, the border between the Dutch and Portuguese territories was settled. In World War II, Timor was occupied (early 1942) by the Japanese. With the creation of the Republic of Indonesia in 1950, Dutch Timor became Indonesian territory and is now part of Nusa Tenggara Timur province.

In 1975, Portuguese Timor declared itself independent as East Timor. Indonesia invaded, however, and annexed the region. Sporadic guerrilla warfare continued into 1999, when Indonesia agreed to permit a referendum in which voters chose independence. Pro-Indonesian militias and the army subsequently engaged in a campaign of terror and brutality, but under international pressure Indonesia asked for UN peacekeepers, and, following a period of transitional UN administration, East Timor became independent in 2002.

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Timor

Timor Largest of the Lesser Sunda Islands in the Malay archipelago. The chief towns are Kupang in the w and Dili in the e. From c.1520, Portuguese spice traders began to settle on Timor. When the Dutch landed in 1620, they settled on the w side. Japan occupied the island during World War 2. In 1950, West Timor became part of the Nusa Tenggara Timur province of the newly created Republic of Indonesia. In 1975, Portugal abandoned East Timor and the colony declared independence. Indonesia immediately invaded, and in 1976 annexed East Timor. Resistance to Indonesian rule, led by the independence movement FRETILIN, continued during the 1980s and 1990s amid widespread reports of human rights violations. In 1999, after a vote in favour of independence, violence erupted as pro-Indonesian militias sought to destabilize the new nation. A United Nations' (UN) peace-keeping force restored order, and East Timor gained full independence in 2002. A mountainous island, its main products are rice, coconuts, coffee, and tobacco. Area: 33,857sq km (13,074sq mi). Pop. (2000) 4,820,039; 891,000 (East Timor)

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Timor

Timor •Blackmore • Sedgemoor • claymore •Seymour, Timor •Brynmor • Barrymore • Baltimore •Broadmoor • Growmore • sophomore •sagamore • blackamoor • sycamore •Tullamore

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