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Ema

Ema (Jap.). Pictorial votive offerings. Koema (small ema) is a small flat wooden plaque, which may be rectangular, square, or pentagonal in shape, with a picture painted on its front surface. Ōema (large ema), which appeared after the 15th cent. is a work of art in many cases, painted by famous painters at the request of their rich patrons. Both koema and ōema are offered to the kami of a shrine or to the deity of a temple for making wishes and for the fulfilment of the wishes.

The word ema (picture + horse) suggests its origin as a substitute for a live horse.

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"Ema." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ema." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ema

"Ema." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ema

EMA

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"EMA." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"EMA." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ema

"EMA." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Retrieved December 12, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ema