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bhakti

bhakti (bŭk´tē) [Skt.,=devotion], theistic devotion in Hinduism. Bhakti cults seem to have existed from the earliest times, but they gained strength in the first millennium AD The first full statement of liberation and spiritual fulfillment through devotion to a personal god is found in the Bhagavad-Gita. The Puranas (from the 1st cent. AD) further elaborated theistic ideas. Devotion to Shiva and Vishnu and to the latter's avatara (incarnations), Rama and Krishna, continues to be practiced throughout India. Intense love for God and surrender to Him, reliance on His grace rather than on rituals, learning, or austerities, and the continuous repetition of His name are the means to the goal of His constant presence. The devotee may worship the chosen deity as child, parent, friend, master, or beloved. The bhakti tradition has tended to stress authentic inner feelings as opposed to institutional forms of religion and to disregard caste distinctions. Great devotees and saints such as the Alvars of S India (a Vaishnavite group of wandering singers), Mirabai, Tukaram, Tulsidasa, Kabir, and Chaitanya have continuously inspired the cults, founded their own sects, and produced a great literature of songs and poems in their vernaculars.

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"bhakti." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Bhakti

Bhakti (Skt., either from √bhaj, ‘to share, be loyal’, or √bhañj, ‘to separate’). Devotion in love and adoration, especially to one's chosen manifestation of the divine (iṣṭadeva); but it may be guru-bhakti (surrender to a guru) or vaidhibhakti (willing acceptance of a guru's instructions). In its theistic form, it perhaps appears in the Ṛg Veda (5. 85. 7 f.; 7. 87. 7), in hymns imploring Varuṇa to forgive the offences of his devotees. But it became a major way of Indian religious life (owing much to the religion of Tamil Nadu), in which the grace (prasāda) of God modifies the strict causality of karma. Bhakti-marga (the way of bhakti) has produced some of the world's most moving theistic poetry, as well as the formalization of the stages through which union with God can be attained, in Bhakti-yoga. The Bhagavad-gītā is the foremost exposition and expression of bhakti addressed to Kṛṣṇa. See also VAIṢṆAVA; ŚAIVA; ŚRI-VAIṢṆAVISM.

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"Bhakti." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Bhakti." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bhakti

bhakti

bhaktifooty, putti, sooty, tutti •shufti • casualty • deputy •butty, cutty, gutty, nutty, puttee, putty, rutty, smutty •mufti, tufty •bhakti • subtlety • humpty-dumpty •Bunty, runty •bustee, busty, crusty, dusty, fusty, gusty, lusty, musty, rusty, trusty •fealty • realty •propriety, society •loyalty, royalty •cruelty •Krishnamurti, Trimurti •liberty • puberty •faggoty, maggoty •Hecate • chocolatey • Cromarty •commonalty • personalty • property •carroty • guaranty • mayoralty •warranty • admiralty • severalty •poverty •Alberti, Bertie, dirty, flirty, shirty, thirty •uncertainty •Kirstie, thirsty •bloodthirsty

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"bhakti." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"bhakti." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bhakti