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Thomism

Thomism. Christian philosophical theology based on the writings of St Thomas Aquinas. Although some propositions of Aquinas were initially condemned, his system was established in the 16th cent. onwards (known as Second Thomism, but also, confusingly, as Neo-Thomism/Neo-Scholasticism) as the basis of Roman Catholic theology and education. This was powerfully reinforced by Leo XIII in his encyclical Aeterni Patris (1879) which gave rise to what is more properly known as Neo-Thomism. More recent writing on Aquinas has rejected the distorting lenses of the various Thomistic schools, and by returning to the text of Aquinas' works has emphasized the significant divergences between Aquinas and his commentators. (For transcendental Thomism, see RAHNER, K.)

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"Thomism." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Thomism

Thomism Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas, one of the major systems in scholasticism. Aquinas blended the philosophy of Aristotle with Christian theology. Using Aristotle's concept of matter and form, he conceived a hierarchy in which spirit is higher than matter, soul higher than body, and theology above philosophy.

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"Thomism." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomism