Psychology of Religion
Psychology of Religion
From the perspective of science and religion, there exist three kinds of psychology of religion. "Secular" empirical psychology (e.g., Hood) – the most widely practiced – excludes the question of the transcendent and researches religious experiences and behavior in terms of meaningful psychological concepts such as cognition, emotion, motivation, attribution, social interaction, and development. The two other kinds are more mission-oriented. "Theistic" religious psychology (e.g., Koteskey; cf. Reich) includes the transcendent and aims to understand God's creation and make people more God-like by improving their mental functioning, their moral judgment, their empathy and so forth. "Atheistic" psychology of religion (e.g. Kurtz; Vetter) aims primarily to demonstrate the illusion of a perceived transcendent and the regressive and oppressive effects of being religious.
See also Freud, Sigmund; Psychology; Self
hood, ralph w., jr.; spilka, bernard; hunsberger, bruce; and gorsuch, richard l., eds. the psychology of religion. an empirical approach. new york: guilford, 1996.
koteskey, ronald l. psychology from a christian perspective. lanham, md.: university press of america, 2002.
kurtz, paul. the transcendental temptation: a critique of religion and the paranormal. buffalo, n.y.: prometheus books, 1991.
reich, k. helmut. "scientist vs. believer?: on navigating between the scilla of scientific norms and the charybdis of personal experience." journal of psychology and theology 28, no. 3 (200): 190-200.
vetter, george b. magic and religion: their psychological nature, origin, and function. new york: philosophical library, 1958.
wulff, david m. psychology of religion: classic and contemporary. new york: wiley, 1997.
k. helmut reich
"Psychology of Religion." Encyclopedia of Science and Religion. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/psychology-religion
"Psychology of Religion." Encyclopedia of Science and Religion. . Retrieved April 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/psychology-religion
Psychology of religion
In most cultures, however, psychologies are less ‘of’ religious life than they are integral to it. Since religions must address participants as well as whatever is taken to be ultimate, they contain their own psychologies. The most sophisticated, and, it appears, efficacious indigenous psychologies appear in the great Eastern traditions (see e.g. Rama et al., Yoga and Psychotherapy, 1976), but there are countless other examples (e.g. V. Turner on rites of passage and curing rituals).
The most frequently met aim of indigenous psychologies ‘of’ religion is transformative. The aim of Western, supposedly more scientific psychologies of religion is explanatory.
"Psychology of religion." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/psychology-religion
"Psychology of religion." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved April 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/psychology-religion