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Apostle

Apostle each of the twelve chief disciples of Jesus Christ. The twelve Apostles were Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the Less), Judas (or Thaddaeus), Simon, and Judas Iscariot. After the suicide of Judas Iscariot his place was taken by Matthias.

The term is also applied to any important early Christian teacher, especially St Paul, and to the first successful Christian missionary in a country or to a people. Thus St Boniface is known as the Apostle of Germany, St James the Great as the Apostle of Spain, St Paul, the Apostle of the Gentiles, St Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies, and St Cyril and St Methodius, the Apostles of the Slavs.

Apostle also denotes a member of an exclusive society in the University of Cambridge (officially ‘The Cambridge Conversazione Society’) formed in Cambridge in 1820, for the purpose of friendship and formal discussion. Members are elected for life.

Recorded from Old English (in form apostol) the word comes via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek apostolos ‘messenger’, from apostellein ‘send forth’.
Apostle spoon a teaspoon with the figure of an Apostle or saint on the handle.
Apostles' Creed is a statement of Christian belief used in the Western Church, dating from the 4th century and traditionally ascribed to the twelve Apostles.

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"Apostle." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Apostle." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved June 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/apostle

apostle

apostle (əpŏs´əl) [Gr.,=envoy], one of the prime missionaries of Christianity. The apostles of the first rank are saints Peter, Andrew, James (the Greater), John, Thomas, James (the Less), Jude (or Thaddaeus), Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Simon, and Matthias (replacing Judas Iscariot). Traditionally the list of the Twelve Disciples includes Judas and not Matthias, and the list of the Twelve Apostles includes Matthias and not Judas. St. Paul is always classed as an apostle, and so sometimes are a few others, such as St. Barnabas. The principal missionary to any country is often called its apostle, e.g., St. Patrick is the apostle of Ireland, and St. Augustine of Canterbury the apostle of England. For the Apostles' Creed, see creed; for the Teaching of the Apostles, see Didache; for the earliest account of their activities, see Acts of the Apostles.

See E. J. Goodspeed, The Twelve: The Story of Christ's Apostles (1957, repr. 1962).

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"apostle." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"apostle." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/apostle

apostle

a·pos·tle / əˈpäsəl/ • n. (often Apostle) each of the twelve chief disciples of Jesus Christ. ∎  any important early Christian teacher, esp. St. Paul. ∎  (Apostle of) the first successful Christian missionary in a country or to a people: Kiril and Metodije, the Apostles of the Slavs. ∎  a vigorous and pioneering advocate or supporter of a particular policy, idea, or cause. ∎  a messenger or representative: apostles of doom. ∎  one of the twelve administrative officers of the Mormon church. DERIVATIVES: a·pos·tle·ship / ship/ n.

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"apostle." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Apostle

Apostle Missionary sent out and empowered by divine authority to preach the gospel and heal the sick. Jesus commissioned his 12 original disciples to carry out the purpose of God for man's salvation (Mark 3, Matthew 10, Luke 6). The first qualification for being an apostle was to have “seen the Lord”. The 12 disciples thus became the first and original Apostles. The term is also applied in the New Testament to St Paul. In modern usage, it is sometimes given to the leader of the first Christian mission to a country. For example, Saint Patrick is described as the “Apostle of Ireland”.

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"Apostle." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Apostle." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved June 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/apostle

Apostle

Apostle (Gk., apostolos, ‘one sent out’).
1. An important early Christian title, used in two senses: (i) an authoritative missionary; and (ii) one of Jesus' chosen twelve disciples.

2. The name given to the Epistle in the Orthodox liturgy.

3. An official of the Catholic Apostolic Church.

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"Apostle." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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apostle

apostle OE. apostol, ME. apostel — ecclL. apostolus — Gr. apóstolos one sent forth, f. apostéllein, f. APO- + stéllein place, make ready; the early forms were reinforced or superseded by adoption of OF. apostle (mod. apôtre).
So apostolic XII, apostolical XV.

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"apostle." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Apostles, The

Apostles, The. Oratorio by Elgar, Op.49, text compiled by Elgar from the Bible and other sources. Comp. 1901–3. For 6 soloists, ch., and orch. (F.p. Birmingham 1903, NY, London, and Cologne 1904.) See Kingdom, The.

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"Apostles, The." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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apostle

apostlehassle, Kassel, passel, tassel, vassal •axel, axle •cancel, hansel, Hänsel, Mansell •transaxle •castle, metatarsal, parcel, tarsal •chancel • sandcastle • Newcastle •Bessel, nestle, pestle, redressal, trestle, vessel, wrestle •Edsel • Texel •intercensal, pencil, stencil •pretzel • staysail • mainsail • Wiesel •abyssal, bristle, epistle, gristle, missal, scissel, thistle, whistle •pixel • plimsoll •tinsel, windsail •schnitzel, spritsail •Birtwistle •paradisal, sisal, trysail •apostle, colossal, dossal, fossil, glossal, jostle, throstle •consul, proconsul, tonsil •dorsal, morsel •council, counsel, groundsel •Mosul • fo'c's'le, forecastle •bustle, hustle, muscle, mussel, Russell, rustle, tussle •gunsel • corpuscle •disbursal, dispersal, Purcell, rehearsal, reversal, succursal, tercel, transversal, traversal, universal •Herzl

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