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Urim and Thummim

Urim and Thummim

Literally "lights and perfections," a means of divination employed by the ancient Hebrews. The objects were placed on a breastplate, which bore the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, that was worn over the heart of the high priest when he went before the Lord (Ex. 28:30). It was believed to consist of a species of casting lots.

The use of Urim and Thummim was not for determining questions concerning individuals, only for questions of national import. Answers were usually given in a brief fashion, yes or no, or the designation of one tribe out of the twelve. There is no mention of the Urim and Thummim after the time of King David. Their form and method of use is uncertain, but from passages in the Hebrew Bible, it seems probable that they were used somewhat like dice to cast lots (I Sam. 10:19-22 and 14:37-42).

The Urim and Thummin reappeared in the nineteenth century in the form of two divining stones possessed by Joseph Smith, Jr., prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, whose followers are commonly called Mormons. Smith used the stones to "translate" the Book of Mormon from what was claimed to be golden tablets with writing in a reformed Egyptian text.

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"Urim and Thummim." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Urim and Thummim." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/urim-and-thummim

"Urim and Thummim." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved October 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/urim-and-thummim

Urim and Thummim

Urim and Thummim. A priestly device for telling oracles in the ancient Israelite religion. The high priest wore the Urim and Thummim on his breastplate. It was used for questioning God on behalf of the ruler (Numbers 27. 21) and it seems to have given a ‘yes-or-no’ answer (1 Samuel 23. 10–12). The underlying meaning of the two words is not known.

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"Urim and Thummim." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Urim and Thummim." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/urim-and-thummim

"Urim and Thummim." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved October 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/urim-and-thummim

Urim and Thummim

Urim and Thummim two objects of a now unknown nature, possibly used for divination, worn on the breastplate of a Jewish high priest. They are first mentioned in the Bible at Exodus 28:30, and the role of Urim is hinted at in Numbers 27:21 and I Samuel 28:6.

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"Urim and Thummim." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Urim and Thummim." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/urim-and-thummim

"Urim and Thummim." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved October 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/urim-and-thummim

Urim and Thummim

Urim and Thummim (yōō´rĬm, thŭm´Ĭm), in the Bible, name of sacred instruments used for casting lots. The meaning of the two names is uncertain, as is the nature of the lots. They were in some way connected, however, with the ephod.

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"Urim and Thummim." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Urim and Thummim." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/urim-and-thummim

"Urim and Thummim." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/urim-and-thummim